IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ulr/wpaper/dt-22-23.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Empleo Garantizado por el Estado y Renta Básica Universal: estrategias para enfrentar el problema estructural del empleo precario

Author

Listed:
  • Andrés Dean

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Fernanda Diab

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación. Departamento de Filosofía de la Práctica)

  • Juan Olano

    (Université catholique de Louvain
    Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Agustín Reyes

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Guillermo Sánchez-Laguardia

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Juan Ignacio Urruty

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

Abstract

The deficit of good quality jobs is a structural problem of today’s societies. In our country it manifests itself in various ways: high unemployment, high percentage of workers not registered with social security, gap in rights and social dialogue, insecure working conditions and income, among others. In this context, the policies implemented in Uruguay in recent decades aimed at improving the quality of employment have proven to be effective but insufficient. Thus, the objective of this project is to carry out a normative and economic cost analysis of two policies to confront social vulnerability and structural job insecurity: State Job Guaranteed and Universal Basic Income. To this end, the relationship of each of the strategies with a set of moral and political ideals inherent to a democratic society was analyzed, such as the notions of reciprocity, non-domination and self-realization. An empirical study of the implementation costs of each of the programs and their possible sources of financing was carried out, and a consultation mechanism was implemented to collect inputs that would allow the social legitimacy of these strategies to be assessed. The results indicate that a combination of a basic income per child and a large-scale job guaranteed program would not only have social legitimacy and be fiscally achievable, but justifiable in normative terms.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Dean & Fernanda Diab & Juan Olano & Agustín Reyes & Guillermo Sánchez-Laguardia & Juan Ignacio Urruty, 2023. "Empleo Garantizado por el Estado y Renta Básica Universal: estrategias para enfrentar el problema estructural del empleo precario," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 23-22, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-22-23
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12008/41950
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Evelyn L. Forget, 2011. "The Town with No Poverty: The Health Effects of a Canadian Guaranteed Annual Income Field Experiment," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 37(3), pages 283-305, September.
    2. Verónica Amarante & Martín Brun, 2018. "Cash Transfers in Latin America: Effects on Poverty and Redistribution," Economía Journal, The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2018), pages 1-31, November.
    3. Jurgen De Wispelaere & Antti Halmetoja & Ville-Veikko Pulkka, 2018. "The Rise (and Fall) of the Basic Income Experiment in Finland," CESifo Forum, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 19(03), pages 15-19, October.
    4. Richard Layard, 2010. "In brief: Job guarantee: a new promise on long-term unemployment," CentrePiece - The magazine for economic performance 308, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    5. Paula Carrasco & Alejandro Cichevski & Ivone Perazzo, 2018. "Evolución reciente de las principales variables del mercado laboral uruguayo," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 18-09, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
    6. Pablo Blanchard & Matías Brum & Paula Carrasco & Cecilia Parada & Ivone Perazzo, 2023. "Employment effects of a social and labor inclusion program," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 23-02, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
    7. Damon Jones & Ioana Marinescu, 2022. "The Labor Market Impacts of Universal and Permanent Cash Transfers: Evidence from the Alaska Permanent Fund," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 14(2), pages 315-340, May.
    8. Kasy, Maximilian & Lehner, Lukas, 2023. "Employing the Unemployed of Marienthal: Evaluation of a Guaranteed Job Program," SocArXiv cd25u, Center for Open Science.
    9. Frey, Carl Benedikt & Osborne, Michael A., 2017. "The future of employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation?," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 254-280.
    10. Kasy, Maximilian & Lehner, Lukas, 2023. "Employing the Unemployed of Marienthal: Evaluation of a Guaranteed Job Program," IZA Discussion Papers 16088, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    11. Betcherman, Gordon & Olivas, Karina & Dar, Amit, 2004. "Impacts of active labor market programs : new evidence from evaluations with particular attention to developing and transition countries," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 29142, The World Bank.
    12. Casassas David, 2008. "Basic Income and the Republican Ideal: Rethinking Material Independence in Contemporary Societies," Basic Income Studies, De Gruyter, vol. 2(2), pages 1-7, January.
    13. Ravallion, Martin, 2019. "Guaranteed employment or guaranteed income?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 209-221.
    14. Maximilian Kasy & Lukas Lehner, 2023. "Employing the Unemployed of Marienthal: Evaluation of a Guaranteed Job Program," CESifo Working Paper Series 10394, CESifo.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Hannah Quinz & Jörg Flecker, 2023. "„Marienthal reversed“: Wie wirkt eine Arbeitsplatzgarantie für langzeitarbeitslose Menschen im österreichischen Kontext?," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 49(3), pages 79-104.
    2. Mohammad Rasoolinejad, 2019. "Universal Basic Income: The Last Bullet in the Darkness," Papers 1910.05658, arXiv.org, revised Nov 2021.
    3. Wilson, Naomi & McDaid, Shari, 2021. "The mental health effects of a Universal Basic Income: A synthesis of the evidence from previous pilots," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 287(C).
    4. Ernst, Ekkehard & Merola, Rossana & Reljic, Jelena, 2024. "Fiscal policy instruments for inclusive labour markets: A review," GLO Discussion Paper Series 1406, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    5. Feinberg Robert M. & Kuehn Daniel, 2018. "Guaranteed Nonlabor Income and Labor Supply: The Effect of the Alaska Permanent Fund Dividend," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 18(3), pages 1-13, July.
    6. Chrisp, Joe & Garcia-Lazaro, Aida & Pearce, Nick, 2023. "Technological chance and growth regimes: Assessing the case for universal basic income in an era declining labour shares," FRIBIS Discussion Paper Series 01-2023, University of Freiburg, Freiburg Institute for Basic Income Studies (FRIBIS).
    7. Redmond, Paul & McGuinness, Seamus & Ciprikis, Klavs, 2022. "A Universal Basic Income for Ireland: Lessons from the international literature," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number RS146, June.
    8. Robert M. Feinberg & Daniel Kuehn, 2020. "Does a Guaranteed Basic Income Encourage Entrepreneurship? Evidence from Alaska," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 57(3), pages 607-626, November.
    9. Johnson Matthew & Degerman Dan & Geyer Robert, 2019. "Exploring the Health Case for Universal Basic Income: Evidence from GPs Working with Precarious Groups," Basic Income Studies, De Gruyter, vol. 14(2), pages 1-11, December.
    10. Manuela A. de Paz-Báñez & María José Asensio-Coto & Celia Sánchez-López & María-Teresa Aceytuno, 2020. "Is There Empirical Evidence on How the Implementation of a Universal Basic Income (UBI) Affects Labour Supply? A Systematic Review," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(22), pages 1-36, November.
    11. Fouksman, E. & Klein, E., 2019. "Radical transformation or technological intervention? Two paths for universal basic income," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 492-500.
    12. Diego Daruich & Raquel Fernández, 2024. "Universal Basic Income: A Dynamic Assessment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 114(1), pages 38-88, January.
    13. Palermo Kuss Ana Helena & Neumärker K. J. Bernhard, 2018. "Modelling the Time Allocation Effects of Basic Income," Basic Income Studies, De Gruyter, vol. 13(2), pages 1-15, December.
    14. Martin Josh, 2016. "Universal Credit to Basic Income: A Politically Feasible Transition?," Basic Income Studies, De Gruyter, vol. 11(2), pages 97-131, December.
    15. Verónica Alaimo & Mariano Bosch & David S. Kaplan & Carmen Pagés & Laura Ripani, 2015. "Jobs for Growth," IDB Publications (Books), Inter-American Development Bank, number 90977, February.
    16. Bru Laín, 2022. "Between Epistemic Necessity And Political Utility: The Role Of Basic Income Experiments," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 41(2), pages 633-639, March.
    17. Howie, Peter & Davletova, Indira & Makhazhan, Indira, 2023. "Evaluating the design and implementation of Kazakhstan’s workfare program," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 99(C).
    18. Vimal Ranchhod & Arden Finn, 2016. "Estimating the Short Run Effects of South Africa's Employment Tax Incentive on Youth Employment Probabilities using A Difference-in-Differences Approach," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 84(2), pages 199-216, June.
    19. Loebbing, Jonas, 2018. "An Elementary Theory of Endogenous Technical Change and Wage Inequality," VfS Annual Conference 2018 (Freiburg, Breisgau): Digital Economy 181603, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    20. Basso, Henrique S. & Jimeno, Juan F., 2021. "From secular stagnation to robocalypse? Implications of demographic and technological changes," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(C), pages 833-847.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    job guaranteed; universal basic income; job quality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-22-23. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Lorenza Pérez (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/ierauuy.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.