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Empleo Garantizado por el Estado y Renta Básica Universal: estrategias para enfrentar el problema estructural del empleo precario


  • Andrés Dean

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Fernanda Diab

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación. Departamento de Filosofía de la Práctica)

  • Juan Olano

    (Université catholique de Louvain
    Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Agustín Reyes

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Guillermo Sánchez-Laguardia

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Juan Ignacio Urruty

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)


The deficit of good quality jobs is a structural problem of today’s societies. In our country it manifests itself in various ways: high unemployment, high percentage of workers not registered with social security, gap in rights and social dialogue, insecure working conditions and income, among others. In this context, the policies implemented in Uruguay in recent decades aimed at improving the quality of employment have proven to be effective but insufficient. Thus, the objective of this project is to carry out a normative and economic cost analysis of two policies to confront social vulnerability and structural job insecurity: State Job Guaranteed and Universal Basic Income. To this end, the relationship of each of the strategies with a set of moral and political ideals inherent to a democratic society was analyzed, such as the notions of reciprocity, non-domination and self-realization. An empirical study of the implementation costs of each of the programs and their possible sources of financing was carried out, and a consultation mechanism was implemented to collect inputs that would allow the social legitimacy of these strategies to be assessed. The results indicate that a combination of a basic income per child and a large-scale job guaranteed program would not only have social legitimacy and be fiscally achievable, but justifiable in normative terms.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Dean & Fernanda Diab & Juan Olano & Agustín Reyes & Guillermo Sánchez-Laguardia & Juan Ignacio Urruty, 2023. "Empleo Garantizado por el Estado y Renta Básica Universal: estrategias para enfrentar el problema estructural del empleo precario," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 23-22, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-22-23

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    job guaranteed; universal basic income; job quality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets

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