Análisis Conjunto de la Asistencia a Preescolar y de su Impacto en el Rendimiento Escolar en el Corto y el Largo Plazo
The outcomes of the cohort of first year pupils of primary school of Montevideo in 1999 reveal effectiveness, efficiency and equity problems of the system. The pupils do not complete primary cycle on schedule, the worst results are obtained by those who attend to schools of unfavorable socioeconomic context and half fails to finish the school cycle on schedule. One of the actions to address these shortcomings was the expansion of public pre-school education. Previous work on the cohort, by probit and OLS estimates, confirmed that preschool education has had a positive impact on short and long term school performance. However, these estimates could be biased by endogeneity of the variable pre-school, which in this paper we try to remedy through bivariate probit and treatment effects models. These new results confirm that in previous estimation by probit and OLS models, we underestimated the positive impacts of preschool attendance both in the short and the long run.
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