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Análisis Conjunto de la Asistencia a Preescolar y de su Impacto en el Rendimiento Escolar en el Corto y el Largo Plazo

Author

Listed:
  • Renato Aguilar

    (Departamento de Economía, University of Gothenburg, Sweden)

  • Ruben Tansini

    () (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

Abstract

The outcomes of the cohort of first year pupils of primary school of Montevideo in 1999 reveal effectiveness, efficiency and equity problems of the system. The pupils do not complete primary cycle on schedule, the worst results are obtained by those who attend to schools of unfavorable socioeconomic context and half fails to finish the school cycle on schedule. One of the actions to address these shortcomings was the expansion of public pre-school education. Previous work on the cohort, by probit and OLS estimates, confirmed that preschool education has had a positive impact on short and long term school performance. However, these estimates could be biased by endogeneity of the variable pre-school, which in this paper we try to remedy through bivariate probit and treatment effects models. These new results confirm that in previous estimation by probit and OLS models, we underestimated the positive impacts of preschool attendance both in the short and the long run.

Suggested Citation

  • Renato Aguilar & Ruben Tansini, 2010. "Análisis Conjunto de la Asistencia a Preescolar y de su Impacto en el Rendimiento Escolar en el Corto y el Largo Plazo," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 3110, Department of Economics - dECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:3110
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    File URL: http://cienciassociales.edu.uy/departamentodeeconomia/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2013/archivos/3110.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Hanushek, Eric A, 1995. "Interpreting Recent Research on Schooling in Developing Countries," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 10(2), pages 227-246, August.
    2. Berlinski, Samuel & Galiani, Sebastian & Gertler, Paul, 2009. "The effect of pre-primary education on primary school performance," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(1-2), pages 219-234, February.
    3. Berlinski, Samuel & Galiani, Sebastian & Manacorda, Marco, 2008. "Giving children a better start: Preschool attendance and school-age profiles," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(5-6), pages 1416-1440, June.
    4. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-1177, September.
    5. Magnuson, Katherine A. & Ruhm, Christopher & Waldfogel, Jane, 2007. "Does prekindergarten improve school preparation and performance?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 33-51, February.
    6. Aguilar, Renato & Tansini, Ruben, 2010. "Pre-School Education and School Performance The Case of Public Schools in Montevideo," Working Papers in Economics 434, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    preschool education; school results; bivariate probit; treatment effects; Uruguay;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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