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Dissecting the Chilean Export Boom

  • Raphael Bergoeing
  • Alejandro Micco
  • Andrea Repetto

Since 1975 Chilean exports have boomed growing at a 6% average rate per year in real terms. In this paper we use manufacturing Chilean data at the plant level for years 1990 to 2007 to investigate the relationship between exports, plant dynamics and productivity. Our findings are consistent with the predictions of the new heterogeneous firms’ trade theories. Firstly, 64.4% of the total increase in exports is accounted for by new exporters net of failed exporters. This effect is a combination of a larger fraction of plants that export, a rising fraction of output sold abroad and a larger level of total sales. Secondly, productivity and exports co-moved over the Chilean boom, with a positive correlation of exports with both within plant productivity growth and productivity enhancing reallocation of output across plants.

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File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/99ff5adb3caf80ba9682614e9e1d52db03c86700.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp339.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp339
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/

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  1. Eaton, Jonathan & Kortum, Samuel S & Kramarz, Francis, 2009. "An Anatomy of International Trade: Evidence from French Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 7111, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Bernard, Andrew B. & Bradford Jensen, J., 1999. "Exceptional exporter performance: cause, effect, or both?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 1-25, February.
  3. Timothy J. Kehoe & Kim J. Ruhl, 2009. "How important is the new goods margin in international trade?," Staff Report 324, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  4. Andrew Atkeson & Ariel Burstein, 2007. "Innovation, firm dynamics, and international trade," NBER Working Papers 13326, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Trefler, Daniel, 1993. "International Factor Price Differences: Leontief Was Right!," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(6), pages 961-87, December.
  6. Roberto Alvarez & Ricardo López, 2005. "Exporting and performance: evidence from Chilean plants," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(4), pages 1384-1400, November.
  7. Costas Arkolakis, 2008. "Market Penetration Costs and the New Consumers Margin in International Trade," NBER Working Papers 14214, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Pavcnik, Nina, 2002. "Trade Liberalization, Exit, and Productivity Improvement: Evidence from Chilean Plants," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 69(1), pages 245-76, January.
  9. Roberto Alvarez & Ricardo Lopez, 2006. "Is Exporting a Source of Productivity Spillovers?," Caepr Working Papers 2006-012, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
  10. Luca David Opromolla & Alfonso Irarrazabal, 2005. "Trade Reforms in a Global Competition Model: the Case of Chile," International Trade 0508007, EconWPA.
  11. Joachim Wagner, 2008. "Exports, Imports, and Productivity at the Firm Level. An International Perspective: Introduction by Guest Editor," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 144(4), pages 591-595, December.
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