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Dissecting the Chilean Export Boom

  • Raphael Bergoeing
  • Alejandro Micco
  • Andrea Repetto

Since 1975 Chilean exports have boomed growing at a 6% average rate per year in real terms. In this paper we use manufacturing Chilean data at the plant level for years 1990 to 2007 to investigate the relationship between exports, plant dynamics and productivity. Our findings are consistent with the predictions of the new heterogeneous firms’ trade theories. Firstly, 64.4% of the total increase in exports is accounted for by new exporters net of failed exporters. This effect is a combination of a larger fraction of plants that export, a rising fraction of output sold abroad and a larger level of total sales. Secondly, productivity and exports co-moved over the Chilean boom, with a positive correlation of exports with both within plant productivity growth and productivity enhancing reallocation of output across plants.

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Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp339.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp339
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  1. George S Olley & Ariel Pakes, 1992. "The Dynamics Of Productivity In The Telecommunications Equipment Industry," Working Papers 92-2, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  2. Nina Pavcnik, 2002. "Trade Liberalization, Exit, and Productivity Improvements: Evidence from Chilean Plants," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(1), pages 245-276.
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  4. Eaton, Jonathan & Kortum, Samuel S & Kramarz, Francis, 2009. "An Anatomy of International Trade: Evidence from French Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 7111, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Luca David Opromolla & Alfonso Irarrazabal, 2005. "Trade Reforms in a Global Competition Model: the Case of Chile," International Trade 0508007, EconWPA.
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  9. Roberto Ãlvarez & Sebastián Vergara, 2010. "Exit in Developing Countries: Economic Reforms and Plant Heterogeneity," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 58(3), pages 537-561, 04.
  10. Raphael Bergoeing & Andrés Hernando & Andrea Repetto, 2006. "Market Reforms and Efficiency Gains in Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 372, Central Bank of Chile.
  11. Andrew Atkeson & Ariel Burstein, 2007. "Innovation, firm dynamics, and international trade," NBER Working Papers 13326, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Matías Berthelon, 2011. "Chilean Export Performance: the Role of Intensive and Extensive Marginss," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 14(1), pages 25-38, April.
  13. Roberto Alvarez & Ricardo A. López, 2008. "Is Exporting a Source of Productivity Spillovers?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 144(4), pages 723-749, December.
  14. Roberto Alvarez & Ricardo López, 2005. "Exporting and performance: evidence from Chilean plants," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(4), pages 1384-1400, November.
  15. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen, 2004. "Entry, Expansion, and Intensity in the US Export Boom, 1987-1992," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(4), pages 662-675, 09.
  16. Joachim Wagner, 2008. "Exports, Imports, and Productivity at the Firm Level. An International Perspective: Introduction by Guest Editor," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 144(4), pages 591-595, December.
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