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Housing and the Great Depression

Author

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  • Mehmet Balcilar

    (Eastern Mediterranean University)

  • Rangan Gupta

    (University of Pretoria)

  • Stephen M. Miller

    (University of Nevada, Las Vegas and University of Connecticut)

Abstract

This paper considers the role of the real housing price in the Great Depression. More specifically, we examine structural stability of the relationship between the real housing price and real GDP per capita. We test for structural change in parameter values, using a sample of annual US data from 1890 to 1952. The paper examines the long-run and short-run dynamic relationships between the real housing price and real GDP per capita to determine if these relationships experienced structural change over the sample period. We find that temporal Granger causality exists between these two variables only for sub-samples that include the Great Depression. For the other sub-sample periods as well as for the entire sample period no relationship exists between these variables. JEL Classification: C32, E32, R31 Key words: Great Depression, Real House Price, Real GDP per Capita, Structural change

Suggested Citation

  • Mehmet Balcilar & Rangan Gupta & Stephen M. Miller, 2012. "Housing and the Great Depression," Working papers 2012-47, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:uct:uconnp:2012-47
    Note: Stephen Miller is corresponding author
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    Cited by:

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    2. Aviral Kumar Tiwari & Rangan Gupta & Juncal Cunado & Xin Sheng, 2020. "Testing the white noise hypothesis in high-frequency housing returns of the United States," Economics and Business Letters, Oviedo University Press, vol. 9(3), pages 178-188.
    3. Rangan Gupta & Hardik A. Marfatia & Christian Pierdzioch & Afees A. Salisu, 2022. "Machine Learning Predictions of Housing Market Synchronization across US States: The Role of Uncertainty," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 64(4), pages 523-545, May.
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    5. Balcilar, Mehmet & Roubaud, David & Uzuner, Gizem & Wohar, Mark E., 2021. "Housing sector and economic policy uncertainty: A GMM panel VAR approach," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 114-126.
    6. David Gabauer & Rangan Gupta & Hardik A. Marfatia & Stephen M. Miller, 2020. "Estimating U.S. Housing Price Network Connectedness: Evidence from Dynamic Elastic Net, Lasso, and Ridge Vector Autoregressive Models," Working papers 2020-08, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
    7. Aye, Goodness C. & Balcilar, Mehmet & Bosch, Adél & Gupta, Rangan, 2014. "Housing and the business cycle in South Africa," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 471-491.
    8. Sheng, Xin & Marfatia, Hardik A. & Gupta, Rangan & Ji, Qiang, 2021. "House price synchronization across the US states: The role of structural oil shocks," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 56(C).
    9. Huthaifa Alqaralleh & Gazi Salah Uddin & Canepa, Alessandra, 2022. "Time-frequency connectedness across housing markets, stock market and uncertainty: A Wavelet-Time Varying Parameter Vector Autoregression," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 202204, University of Turin.
    10. Roula Inglesi-Lotz & Mehmet Balcilar & Rangan Gupta, 2014. "Time-varying causality between research output and economic growth in US," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 100(1), pages 203-216, July.
    11. Christou, Christina & Gupta, Rangan & Hassapis, Christis, 2017. "Does economic policy uncertainty forecast real housing returns in a panel of OECD countries? A Bayesian approach," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 50-60.
    12. Goodness C. Aye & Mehmet Balcilar & John P. Dunne & Rangan Gupta & Rene� van Eyden, 2014. "Military expenditure, economic growth and structural instability: a case study of South Africa," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(6), pages 619-633, December.
    13. Balcilar, Mehmet & Gupta, Rangan & Sousa, Ricardo M. & Wohar, Mark E., 2021. "Linking U.S. State-level housing market returns, and the consumption-(Dis)Aggregate wealth ratio," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 779-810.
    14. Mehmet Balcilar & Elie Bouri & Rangan Gupta & Mark E. Wohar, 2018. "Mortgage Default Risks and High-Frequency Predictability of the US Housing Market: A Reconsideration," Working Papers 201875, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    15. Mehmet Balcilar & Rangan Gupta & Ricardo M. Sousa & Mark E. Wohar, 2021. "What Can Fifty-Two Collateralizable Wealth Measures Tell Us About Future Housing Market Returns? Evidence from U.S. State-Level Data," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 62(1), pages 81-107, January.
    16. Rangan Gupta & Hardik A. Marfatia & Eric Olson, 2020. "Effect of uncertainty on U.S. stock returns and volatility: evidence from over eighty years of high-frequency data," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(16), pages 1305-1311, September.
    17. Aviral Kumar Tiwari & Rangan Gupta & Mark E. Wohar, 2020. "Is the Housing Market in the United States Really Weakly-Efficient?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(14), pages 1124-1134, July.
    18. Michael Donadelli & Marcus Jüppner & Antonio Paradiso & Christian Schlag, 2019. "Temperature Volatility Risk," Working Papers 2019:05, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
    19. Gupta, Rangan & Sheng, Xin & van Eyden, Reneé & Wohar, Mark E., 2021. "The impact of disaggregated oil shocks on state-level real housing returns of the United States: The role of oil dependence," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 43(C).
    20. Elie Bouri & Rangan Gupta & Hardik A. Marfatia & Jacobus Nel, 2022. "Do Climate Risks Predict US Housing Returns and Volatility? Evidence from a Quantiles-Based Approach," Working Papers 202240, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    21. Kang, Sang Hoon & Uddin, Gazi Salah & Ahmed, Ali & Yoon, Seong-Min, 2018. "Multi-scale causality and extreme tail inter-dependence among housing prices," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 301-309.
    22. Luis A. Gil-Alana & Rangan Gupta & Fernando Perez de Gracia, 2016. "Persistence, mean reversion and non-linearities in the US housing prices over 1830--2013," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(34), pages 3244-3252, July.
    23. Zhang, Xi-Xi & Liu, Lu, 2020. "The time-varying causal relationship between oil price and unemployment: Evidence from the U.S. and China (EGY 118745)," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 212(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    great depression; real house price; real gdp per capita; structural change;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets

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