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Vector Autoregressions and Causality

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  • Toda, Hiro Y
  • Phillips, Peter C B

Abstract

A limit theory for Wald tests of Granger causality in levels vector autoregressions (VAR's) and error correction models (ECM's) is developed, which allows for stochastic trends and cointegration. Earlier work is extended to the general case, thereby characterizing when these Wald tests are asymptotically valid as 'x'(superscript 2) criteria. Our results for inference from unrestricted levels VAR are not encouraging: the limit theory often involves nuisance parameters and nonstandard distributions, a situation offering no satisfactory statistical basis for these tests. Granger causality tests in ECM's also suffer from nuisance parameter dependencies asymptotically and in some cases nonstandard limit theory. Both these results are somewhat surprising in light of earlier research. Copyright 1993 by The Econometric Society.

Suggested Citation

  • Toda, Hiro Y & Phillips, Peter C B, 1993. "Vector Autoregressions and Causality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 61(6), pages 1367-1393, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecm:emetrp:v:61:y:1993:i:6:p:1367-93
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    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection

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