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Realized Wishart-GARCH: A Score-driven Multi-Asset Volatility Model

Author

Listed:
  • Peter Reinhard Hansen

    (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States)

  • Pawel Janus

    (UBS Global Asset Management, Zürich, Switzerland)

  • Siem Jan Koopman

    (VU University Amsterdam, the Netherlands)

Abstract

We propose a novel multivariate GARCH model that incorporates realized measures for the variance matrix of returns. The key novelty is the joint formulation of a multivariate dynamic model for outer-products of returns, realized variances and realized covariances. The updating of the variance matrix relies on the score function of the joint likelihood function based on Gaussian and Wishart densities. The dynamic model is parsimonious while each innovation still impacts all elements of the variance matrix. Monte Carlo evidence for parameter estimation based on different small sample sizes is provided. We illustrate the model with an empirical application to a portfolio of 15 U.S. financial assets.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Reinhard Hansen & Pawel Janus & Siem Jan Koopman, 2016. "Realized Wishart-GARCH: A Score-driven Multi-Asset Volatility Model," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 16-061/III, Tinbergen Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20160061
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. F. Blasques & S. J. Koopman & A. Lucas, 2015. "Information-theoretic optimality of observation-driven time series models for continuous responses," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 102(2), pages 325-343.
    2. Manabu Asai & Michael McAleer & Jun Yu, 2006. "Multivariate Stochastic Volatility," Microeconomics Working Papers 22058, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    3. Neil Shephard & Kevin Sheppard, 2010. "Realising the future: forecasting with high-frequency-based volatility (HEAVY) models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(2), pages 197-231.
    4. Manabu Asai & Michael McAleer & Jun Yu, 2006. "Multivariate Stochastic Volatility: A Review," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(2-3), pages 145-175.
    5. Francisco Blasques & Siem Jan Koopman & André Lucas, 2014. "Information Theoretic Optimality of Observation Driven Time Series Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-046/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    6. Koopman, Siem Jan & Jungbacker, Borus & Hol, Eugenie, 2005. "Forecasting daily variability of the S&P 100 stock index using historical, realised and implied volatility measurements," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 445-475, June.
    7. Zhang, Lan & Mykland, Per A. & Ait-Sahalia, Yacine, 2005. "A Tale of Two Time Scales: Determining Integrated Volatility With Noisy High-Frequency Data," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 1394-1411, December.
    8. Engle, Robert F. & Gallo, Giampiero M., 2006. "A multiple indicators model for volatility using intra-daily data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 131(1-2), pages 3-27.
    9. Peter Reinhard Hansen & Zhuo Huang, 2016. "Exponential GARCH Modeling With Realized Measures of Volatility," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(2), pages 269-287, April.
    10. Christensen, Kim & Kinnebrock, Silja & Podolskij, Mark, 2010. "Pre-averaging estimators of the ex-post covariance matrix in noisy diffusion models with non-synchronous data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 159(1), pages 116-133, November.
    11. Diaa Noureldin & Neil Shephard & Kevin Sheppard, 2012. "Multivariate high‐frequency‐based volatility (HEAVY) models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(6), pages 907-933, September.
    12. Andersen, Torben G & Bollerslev, Tim, 1998. "Answering the Skeptics: Yes, Standard Volatility Models Do Provide Accurate Forecasts," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 39(4), pages 885-905, November.
    13. Ole E. Barndorff‐Nielsen & Neil Shephard, 2002. "Econometric analysis of realized volatility and its use in estimating stochastic volatility models," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 64(2), pages 253-280, May.
    14. Golosnoy, Vasyl & Gribisch, Bastian & Liesenfeld, Roman, 2012. "The conditional autoregressive Wishart model for multivariate stock market volatility," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 167(1), pages 211-223.
    15. Siem Jan Koopman & Marcel Scharth, 2012. "The Analysis of Stochastic Volatility in the Presence of Daily Realized Measures," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 11(1), pages 76-115, December.
    16. Peter Reinhard Hansen & Zhuo Huang & Howard Howan Shek, 2012. "Realized GARCH: a joint model for returns and realized measures of volatility," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(6), pages 877-906, September.
    17. repec:hal:journl:peer-00732537 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Maria Elvira Mancino & Paul Malliavin, 2002. "Fourier series method for measurement of multivariate volatilities," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 6(1), pages 49-61.
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    Cited by:

    1. Leopoldo Catania & Tommaso Proietti, 2019. "Forecasting Volatility with Time-Varying Leverage and Volatility of Volatility Effects," CEIS Research Paper 450, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 06 Feb 2019.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    high-frequency data; multivariate GARCH; multivariate volatility; realised covariance; score; Wishart density;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C58 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Financial Econometrics

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