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Are Per Capita CO2 Emissions Increasing Among OECD Countries? A Test of Trends and Breaks

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Abstract

We empirically analyze the trend characteristics of per capita CO2 emissions in OECD countries from 1971 to 2009. We use a statistically robust procedure, which is valid regardless of whether per capita CO2 emissions are trend stationary or contain a stochastic trend, to test for the presence of a deterministic trend and a structural break in the trend. Our results suggest that the trend in per capita CO2 emissions shifts downward or is reversed for a number of OECD countries either after the 1970s oil shocks or during the early to mid-2000s.

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  • Yamazaki, Satoshi & Tian, Jing & Tchatoka, Firmin Doko, 2013. "Are Per Capita CO2 Emissions Increasing Among OECD Countries? A Test of Trends and Breaks," Working Papers 17518, University of Tasmania, Tasmanian School of Business and Economics, revised 29 Sep 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:tas:wpaper:17518
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    File URL: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/17158/1/2013-09_YamazakiTianDoko.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Burke, Paul J., 2010. "Income, resources, and electricity mix," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 616-626, May.
    2. Vollebergh, Herman R.J. & Melenberg, Bertrand & Dijkgraaf, Elbert, 2009. "Identifying reduced-form relations with panel data: The case of pollution and income," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 27-42, July.
    3. Perron, Pierre & Yabu, Tomoyoshi, 2009. "Estimating deterministic trends with an integrated or stationary noise component," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 151(1), pages 56-69, July.
    4. Wagner, Martin, 2008. "The carbon Kuznets curve: A cloudy picture emitted by bad econometrics?," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 388-408, August.
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    1. repec:eee:rensus:v:75:y:2017:i:c:p:86-97 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    carbon dioxide; trend; structural break; robust test;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling

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