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The wage curve: A panel data view of labour market segments

  • Pavel Gertler


    (National Bank of Slovakia, Research Departmen)

The paper studies the relationship between the local unemployment rate and wage level – commonly referred to as the wage curve. Using a panel data setup for annual enterprise-level microdata, we confirm previous findings that wages in Slovakia are, on the whole, relatively flexible – with a rise in the local unemployment rate of 1 percentage point being associated with a drop in wages of 0.85%. We find, however, that these elasticities differ considerably across sectors, regions and, in particular, skills. Our results indicate that overall wage flexibility in the Slovak labour market is driven more by the wage flexibility of higher-skilled employees, and their broader opportunities for employment, than by the institutional arrangements of the labour market.

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Paper provided by Research Department, National Bank of Slovakia in its series Working and Discussion Papers with number WP 3/2010.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:svk:wpaper:1012
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  1. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
  2. David Card & W. Craig Riddell, 1993. "A Comparative Analysis of Unemployment in Canada and the United States," NBER Chapters, in: Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States, pages 149-190 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Kamil Galušèák & Daniel Münich, 2005. "Regional Wage Adjustments and Unemployment: Estimating the Time-Varying Wage Curve (in English)," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 55(1-2), pages 68-82, January.
  4. Ian Babetskii, 2006. "Aggregate Wage Flexibility in Selected New EU Member States," Working Papers 2006/1, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
  5. Erica L. Groshen & Mark E. Schweitzer, 1996. "Macro- and microeconomic consequences of wage rigidity," Working Paper 9607, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  6. Pavel Gertler & Matus Senaj, 2008. "Downward Wage Rigidities in Slovakia," Working and Discussion Papers WP 7/2008, Research Department, National Bank of Slovakia.
  7. Blanchflower, David G., 2001. "Unemployment, Well-Being, and Wage Curves in Eastern and Central Europe," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 364-402, December.
  8. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-44, June.
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