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Monter sa propre entreprise : le travail independant chez les diplomes des colleges et universites canadiens

  • Laporte, Christine
  • Rivard, Maud-Catherine
  • Finnie, Ross

On presume souvent que les changements sur le marche du travail tels qu'un accroissement de l'incidence du travail a temps partiel ou saisonnier, du cumul de plusieurs emplois ou du travail independant sont regis par des variations de la demande, c'est-a-dire qu'ils resultent d'un manque de debouches pour les emplois plus traditionnels plutot que d'un changement des preferences des travailleurs. Pourtant, malgre l'interet et l'importance de la question du travail non classique, on dispose a son sujet de relativement peu de donnees empiriques. L'objectif general du present rapport est d'exposer les resultats d'une etude empirique qui utilise l'indicateur de statut du travail independant disponible dans les bases de donnees de l'Enquete nationale aupres des diplomes (et les enquetes de suivi). Il presente et analyse les modes de travail independant dans plusieurs cohortes de diplomes d'etudes superieures au Canada au cours des cinq premieres annees suivant l'obtention de leur diplome. Plus precisement, il fournit de solides donnees empiriques sur l'incidence du travail independant (niveaux, configurations, tendances) parmi les diplomes recents des secteurs collegial et universitaire, dans leur ensemble et selon le sexe, l'annee et le niveau du diplome. Ce document aborde aussi la question de savoir si le travail independant tend a etre l'option privilegiee par ceux qui s'y engagent ou s'il decoule d'un manque de debouches dans les emplois dits

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2002183f.

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Date of creation: 21 Mar 2002
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2002183f
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Web page: http://www.statcan.gc.ca

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  1. Herb J. Schuetze, . "Taxes, Economic Conditions And Recent Trends in Male Self-Employment: A Canada-U.S. Comparison," Canadian International Labour Network Working Papers 11, McMaster University.
  2. Blanchflower, D.G. & Oswald, A., 1991. "What Makes an Entrepreneur?," Economics Series Working Papers 99125, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  3. Lin, Zhengxi & Picot, Garnett & Yates, Janice, 1999. "L'accroissement de l'emploi autonome en periode de chomage eleve : analyse empirique des faits recents survenus au Canada," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 1999133f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  4. Le, Anh T, 1999. " Empirical Studies of Self-Employment," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(4), pages 381-416, September.
  5. Lin, Zhengxi & Picot, Garnett & Yates, Janice, 1999. "Dynamique de la creation et de la disparition d'emplois autonomes au Canada," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 1999134f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
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