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The Value of Knowledge Flows: Evidence from Patent Citations Data

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  • Yi Deng

Abstract

This paper aims at quantifying the economic value of knowledge spillovers by exploring information contained in patent citations. I estimate a market valuation equation for semiconductor firms during the 1980s and early 1990s, and find an average value in the amount of $0.6 to 1.2 million "R&D-equivalent" dollars for the knowledge flows as embodied in one patent citation. For an average semiconductor firm, such an estimate implies that the total value of knowledge spillovers the firm received during the sample period could be as high as half of its actual total R&D expenditures in the same period. This provides a direct measure of the economic value of the social returns or externalities of relevant technological innovations. I also find that self citations are more valuable than external citations, indicating a significant amount of tacit knowledge or know-how spillovers that occur within the firm

Suggested Citation

  • Yi Deng, 2005. "The Value of Knowledge Flows: Evidence from Patent Citations Data," Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 374, Society for Computational Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:sce:scecf5:374
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Technological Innovations; Knowledge Spillover; R&D; Patent; Patent Citations; Tobin's Q;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy

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