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Floating A “Lifeboat”: The Banque De France And The Crisis Of 1889

Author

Listed:
  • Eugene White

    () (Rutgers University and NBER)

  • Pierre-Cyrille Hautcoeur

    () (Paris School of Economics and EHESS)

  • Angelo Riva

    () (European Business School)

Abstract

When faced with a run on a “systemically important” but insolvent bank in 1889, the Banque de France pre-emptively organized a lifeboat to ensure that depositors were protected and an orderly liquidation could proceed. To protect the Banque from losses on its lifeboat loan, a guarantee syndicate was formed, penalizing those who had participated in the copper speculation that had caused the crisis bringing the bank down. Creation of the syndicate and other actions were consistent with mitigating the moral hazard from such an intervention. This episode contrasts the advice given by Bagehot to the Bank of England to counter a panic by lending freely at a high rate on good collateral, allowing insolvent institutions to fail.

Suggested Citation

  • Eugene White & Pierre-Cyrille Hautcoeur & Angelo Riva, 2014. "Floating A “Lifeboat”: The Banque De France And The Crisis Of 1889," Departmental Working Papers 201405, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:rut:rutres:201405
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrea Attar & Catherine Casamatta & Arnold Chassagnon & Jean Paul Décamps, 2013. "Multiple Lenders, Strategic Default and Covenants," CEIS Research Paper 261, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 08 Aug 2014.
    2. Frederic S. Mishkin & Eugene N. White, 2014. "Unprecedented Actions: The Federal Reserve’s Response to the Global Financial Crisis in Historical Perspective," NBER Working Papers 20737, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Bazot, Guillaume & Bordo, Michael D. & Monnet, Eric, 2016. "International shocks and the balance sheet of the Bank of France under the classical gold standard," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 87-107.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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