Intangible Capital in the Finnish Business Sector 1975-2005
This paper is the first effort to analyze the intangible investments of the Finnish non-financial business sector in 19752005 with a heretofore unseen scope of intangible investments in line with the definition of Corrado, Hulten and Sichel (2005, 2006). Not only GDP but also investments have become more weightless as the importance of scientific innovative property and economic competencies has increased. In 2005 Finnish business intangible investments amounted to 14.2 billion euro, which was 9 per cent in relation to (unrevised) GDP. Our results imply higher investments rates and lower labor shares than traditionally thought. Comparing our new results with SNA93-type growth decompositions we found that our revision increased the average growth rate of labor productivity by 0.48 percentage points in 19952000 and 0.06 percentage points in 20002005. Capitalizing intangible investments decreased the measure of our ignorance by 0.12 percentage points in 19952000 and 0.45 in 20002005. A shift to new, intangible, investments with higher marginal products than traditional capital has taken place. It is not any longer solely a matter of how much is invested, but what it is firms invest in.
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