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Innovationen, Anlageinvestitionen und immaterielle Investitionen

  • Rammer, Christian
  • Köhler, Christian

Dieser Beitrag untersucht die Beziehung verschiedener Konzepte von investiven Ausgaben in Unternehmen, ihre Verbindung zu Innovationen und die Faktoren, die Innovations- und Investitionsentscheidungen von Unternehmen beeinflussen. Neben dem traditionellen Investitionsbegriff, der sich überwiegend auf Sachanlageinvestitionen bezieht, werden die Konzepte der Innovationsausgaben und der immateriellen Investitionen vorgestellt. Auf Basis von Daten der deutschen Innovationserhebung wird abgeschätzt, welche Bedeutung diese unterschiedlichen Formen von Investitionen für einzelne Branchen haben und in welchem Umfang sich Innovationsausgaben und Investitionen überschneiden. Multivariate Analysen zu den Innovations- und Investitionsentscheidungen der Unternehmen zeigen, dass auf Seiten des Marktumfelds ein intensiver Technologiewettbewerb und kurze Produktzyklen Investitionen in neues Wissen, Humankapital und innovative Anlagen befördern, während ein starker Preiswettbewerb und niedrige Marktzutrittsbarrieren zu niedrigeren Investitionen in FuE beitragen.

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Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 12-085.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:12085
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