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Innovationen, Anlageinvestitionen und immaterielle Investitionen

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  • Rammer, Christian
  • Köhler, Christian

Abstract

Dieser Beitrag untersucht die Beziehung verschiedener Konzepte von investiven Ausgaben in Unternehmen, ihre Verbindung zu Innovationen und die Faktoren, die Innovations- und Investitionsentscheidungen von Unternehmen beeinflussen. Neben dem traditionellen Investitionsbegriff, der sich überwiegend auf Sachanlageinvestitionen bezieht, werden die Konzepte der Innovationsausgaben und der immateriellen Investitionen vorgestellt. Auf Basis von Daten der deutschen Innovationserhebung wird abgeschätzt, welche Bedeutung diese unterschiedlichen Formen von Investitionen für einzelne Branchen haben und in welchem Umfang sich Innovationsausgaben und Investitionen überschneiden. Multivariate Analysen zu den Innovations- und Investitionsentscheidungen der Unternehmen zeigen, dass auf Seiten des Marktumfelds ein intensiver Technologiewettbewerb und kurze Produktzyklen Investitionen in neues Wissen, Humankapital und innovative Anlagen befördern, während ein starker Preiswettbewerb und niedrige Marktzutrittsbarrieren zu niedrigeren Investitionen in FuE beitragen.

Suggested Citation

  • Rammer, Christian & Köhler, Christian, 2012. "Innovationen, Anlageinvestitionen und immaterielle Investitionen," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-085, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:12085
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Rammer, Christian & Peters, Bettina, 2016. "Investitionsschwäche oder Strukturverschiebung der Investitionstätigkeit? Zur Rolle immaterieller Investitionen für die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit von Unternehmen," ZEW Discussion Papers 16-037, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies

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