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Changes in mobility and socioeconomic conditions in Bogotá city during the COVID-19 outbreak

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  • Dueñas, Marco
  • Campi, Mercedes
  • Olmos, Luis

Abstract

We analyze mobility changes following the implementation of containment measures aimed at mitigating the spread of COVID-19 in Bogotá, Colombia. We characterize the mobility network before and during the pandemic and analyze its evolution and changes between January and July 2020. We then link the observed mobility changes to socioeconomic conditions, estimating a gravity model to assess the effect of socioeconomic conditions on mobility flows. We observe an overall reduction in mobility trends, but the overall connectivity between different areas of the city remains after the lockdown, reflecting the mobility network's resilience. We find that the responses to lockdown policies depend on socioeconomic conditions. Before the pandemic, the population with better socioeconomic conditions shows higher mobility flows. Since the lockdown, mobility presents a general decrease, but the population with worse socioeconomic conditions shows lower decreases in mobility flows. We conclude deriving policy implications.

Suggested Citation

  • Dueñas, Marco & Campi, Mercedes & Olmos, Luis, 2020. "Changes in mobility and socioeconomic conditions in Bogotá city during the COVID-19 outbreak," Working papers 62, Red Investigadores de Economía.
  • Handle: RePEc:rie:riecdt:62
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    1. Béland, Louis-Philippe & Brodeur, Abel & Wright, Taylor, 2020. "The Short-Term Economic Consequences of COVID-19: Exposure to Disease, Remote Work and Government Response," GLO Discussion Paper Series 524, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    2. World Bank, 2020. "Global Economic Prospects, January 2020," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 33044, December.
    3. Gallego, Juan & Montoya, Sergio & Sepúlveda, Carlos, 2016. "Effect of Socio-Economic Stratification on House Value in Bogotá," Research Department working papers 994, CAF Development Bank Of Latinamerica.
    4. R Maria del Rio-Chanona & Penny Mealy & Anton Pichler & François Lafond & J Doyne Farmer, 2020. "Supply and demand shocks in the COVID-19 pandemic: an industry and occupation perspective," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 36(Supplemen), pages 94-137.
    5. World Bank, 2020. "Global Economic Prospects, June 2020," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 33748, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Armanda Cetrulo & Dario Guarascio & Maria Enrica Virgillito, 2020. "Working from home and the explosion of enduring divides: income, employment and safety risks," LEM Papers Series 2020/38, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    2. J. Daniel Aromí & M. Paula Bonel & Julián Cristiá & Martín Llada, 2020. "Socio-economic status and mobility during the COVID-19 pandemic: An analysis of large Latin American urban areas," Asociación Argentina de Economía Política: Working Papers 4307, Asociación Argentina de Economía Política.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mobility networks; Poverty; Informality; Socioeconomic strata; COVID-19;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty

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