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Foreign Firms, Distribution of Income, and the Welfare of Developing Countries

  • Manuel García-Santana

    (ECARES)

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    I construct a tractable model to investigate the impact of the presence of foreign firms in economies where there exist financial frictions. The cross-country implications of the model are consistent with two facts that I document using plant-level data: (i) foreign firms enter more in economies where domestic entrepreneurs are more financially constrained. (ii) the impact of foreign firms in the plants’ size distribution of the host country is larger in countries where domestic entrepreneurs are more financially constrained. After calibrating the model to account quantitatively for these facts, I use it to evaluate a decrease of barriers to foreign entry. I find that welfare increase only in economies with sufficiently high level of labor income share.

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    File URL: https://economicdynamics.org/meetpapers/2013/paper_1044.pdf
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    Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2013 Meeting Papers with number 1044.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:red:sed013:1044
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    Society for Economic Dynamics Marina Azzimonti Department of Economics Stonybrook University 10 Nicolls Road Stonybrook NY 11790 USA

    Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/
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    1. Ann E. Harrison & Brian J. Aitken, 1999. "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 605-618, June.
    2. Mayer, Thierry & Zignago, Soledad, 2006. "Notes on CEPII’s distances measures," MPRA Paper 26469, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. James Tybout, 1999. "Manufacturing Firms in Developing Countries: How Well Do They Do, and Why?," Development and Comp Systems 9906001, EconWPA, revised 10 Jun 1999.
    4. García-Santana, Manuel & Pijoan-Mas, Josep, 2011. "Small Scale Reservation Laws and the Misallocation of Talent," CEPR Discussion Papers 8242, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Peter Klenow & Andrés Rodríguez-Clare, 1997. "The Neoclassical Revival in Growth Economics: Has It Gone Too Far?," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1997, Volume 12, pages 73-114 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output per Worker than Others?," NBER Working Papers 6564, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker than Others?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(1), pages 83-116.
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