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Foreign Firms, Distribution of Income, and the Welfare of Developing Countries

  • Manuel García-Santana

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    I construct a tractable model to investigate the impact of the presence of foreign firms in economies where there exist financial frictions. The cross-country implications of the model are consistent with two facts that I document using plant-level data: (i) foreign firms enter more in economies where domestic entrepreneurs are more financially constrained. (ii) the impact of foreign firms in the plants’ size distribution of the host country is larger in countries where domestic entrepreneurs are more financially constrained. After calibrating the model to account quantitatively for these facts, I use it to evaluate a decrease of barriers to foreign entry. I find that welfare increase only in economies with sufficiently high level of labor income share.

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    File URL: https://www.economicdynamics.org/meetpapers/2013/paper_1044.pdf
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    Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2013 Meeting Papers with number 1044.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:red:sed013:1044
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
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    1. Esteban Rossi-Hansberg & Pol Antras & Luis Garicano, 2005. "Offshoring in a Knowledge Economy," 2005 Meeting Papers 196, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Josep Pijoan-Mas & Manuel Garcia-Santana, 2011. "Small Scale Reservation Laws and the Misallocation of Talent," 2011 Meeting Papers 176, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. James Tybout, 1999. "Manufacturing Firms in Developing Countries: How Well Do They Do, and Why?," Development and Comp Systems 9906001, EconWPA, revised 10 Jun 1999.
    4. Thierry Mayer & Soledad Zignago, 2011. "Notes on CEPII’s distances measures: The GeoDist database," Working Papers 2011-25, CEPII research center.
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    6. Edward Prescott & Ellen McGrattan, 2008. "Openness, Technology Capital, and Development," 2008 Meeting Papers 111, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    7. Ellen R. McGrattan, 2011. "Transition to FDI Openness: Reconciling Theory and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 16774, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Francisco J. Buera & Joseph Kaboski & Yongseok Shin, 2009. "Finance and Development: A Tale of Two Sectors," NBER Working Papers 14914, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Ellen McGrattan, 2012. "Online Appendix to "Transition to FDI Openness: Reconciling Theory and Evidence"," Technical Appendices 12-94, Review of Economic Dynamics.
    10. Harrison, Ann E. & McMillan, Margaret S., 2003. "Does direct foreign investment affect domestic credit constraints?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 73-100, October.
    11. POSCHKE, Markus, 2011. "The Firm Size Distribution across Countries and Skill-Biased Change in Entrepreneurial Technology," Cahiers de recherche 08-2011, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
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    14. Laura Alfaro & Maggie Xiaoyang Chen, 2012. "Surviving the Global Financial Crisis: Foreign Ownership and Establishment Performance," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 4(3), pages 30-55, August.
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    20. repec:hrv:faseco:4784031 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Alexander Monge-Naranjo, 2012. "Foreign firms and the diffusion of knowledge," Working Papers 2012-055, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    22. Andrew Atkeson & Patrick J. Kehoe, 2005. "Modeling and Measuring Organization Capital," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(5), pages 1026-1053, October.
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    25. Robert E. Lucas Jr., 1978. "On the Size Distribution of Business Firms," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 9(2), pages 508-523, Autumn.
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