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Multidimensional Measurement of Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Yele Batana

Abstract

Since the seminal work of Sen, poverty has been recognized as a multidimensional phenomenon. The recent availability of relevant databases renewed interest in this approach. This paper estimates multidimensional poverty in fourteen Sub-Saharan African countries using the Alkire-Foster multidimensional poverty measures, whose identification method is based on a counting approach. Four dimensions are considered: assets, health, schooling and empowerment. The results show important differences in poverty among the countries of the sample. The multidimensional poverty estimates are compared with some standard measures such as the Human Development Index (HDI) and the income poverty headcount ratio. It is found that including additional dimensions into the analysis leads to country rankings different from those obtained with the two standard measures. Geographical decompositions and dimensions-break down indicate that rural areas are significantly poorer than urban ones and that schooling is in general the highest contributor to poverty. Finally, robustness and sensitivity analyses are done with respect to the number of dimensions in which deprivation is required so as to be considered poor (the across-dimensions cutoff) as well as to the poverty lines within each dimension. Several cases of dominance between countries are found in the first robustness test.

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  • Yele Batana, 2008. "Multidimensional Measurement of Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa," OPHI Working Papers 13, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  • Handle: RePEc:qeh:ophiwp:ophiwp013
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    File URL: https://ophi.org.uk/working-paper-number-13/
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    Cited by:

    1. Gaël Giraud & Cécile Renouard & Hélène l'Huillier & Raphaële de la Martinière & Camille Sutter, 2012. "Relational Capability: A Multidimensional Approach," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00827690, HAL.
    2. Sebastian Levine & James Muwonge & Y�l� Maweki Batana, 2014. "A Robust Multi-dimensional Poverty Profile for Uganda," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(4), pages 369-390, November.
    3. Adrián Cabrera & Carmelo García-Pérez, 0. "Homeless in Spain: An Analysis Based on Multidimensional Indicators of Deprivation," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-19.
    4. Adepoju, A., 2018. "determinants of multidimensional poverty transitions among rural households in Nigeria," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 276027, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Sabina Alkire, Maria Emma Santos, 2010. "Acute Multidimensional Poverty: A New Index for Developing Countries," OPHI Working Papers 38, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
    6. Shinkai, Naoko, 2016. "Examination of Poverty in Northern Mozambique: A Comparison of Social and Economic Dimensions," Working Papers 133, JICA Research Institute.
    7. Aysenur Acar, 2014. "The Dynamics of Multidimensional Poverty in Turkey," Working Papers 014, Bahcesehir University, Betam.
    8. Olagunju, K.O. & Ogunniyi, A. & Olufadewa, M.S., 2018. "Spatial Analysis of Structural Determinants of Child Poverty Incidence in Nigeria," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 275996, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    9. Christopher J. Bennett & Shabana Mitra, 2013. "Multidimensional Poverty: Measurement, Estimation, and Inference," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(1), pages 57-83, January.
    10. Adrián Cabrera & Carmelo García-Pérez, 2020. "Homeless in Spain: An Analysis Based on Multidimensional Indicators of Deprivation," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 151(3), pages 1149-1167, October.
    11. Sebastián Burgos Dávila & Fernando Cando Ortega, 2016. "Multidimensional poverty: an index for Ecuador using Alkire and Foster methodology," Economía, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (IIES). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad de Los Andes. Mérida, Venezuela, vol. 41(42), pages 11-52, july-dece.
    12. Maqbool H. Sial & Asma Noreen & Rehmat Ullah Awan, 2015. "Measuring Multidimensional Poverty and Inequality in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 54(4), pages 685-698.

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