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The Marginal Product of Capital, Capital Flows and Convergence

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  • Sirsha Chatterjee
  • Kanda Naknoi

Abstract

The neoclassical theory of economic growth suggests that capital inflows raise the speed of convergence because foreign financial capital is transformed into physical capital. We propose a new methodology to quantify the size of capital inflows which are transformed into physical capital. We use the predicted scale to calculate the output gains from capital flows. Our methodology takes into account cross-country differences and fluctuations in the price of investment goods relative to output. The theory predicts that inefficiency in producing investment goods reduces the gains from capital inflows. A sizable fraction of capital inflows is found to be transformed into physical capital in only a few countries. However, the gains are found to be extremely small.

Suggested Citation

  • Sirsha Chatterjee & Kanda Naknoi, 2007. "The Marginal Product of Capital, Capital Flows and Convergence," Purdue University Economics Working Papers 1202, Purdue University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pur:prukra:1202
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas & Olivier Jeanne, 2013. "Capital Flows to Developing Countries: The Allocation Puzzle," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 80(4), pages 1484-1515.
    2. Carter, Patrick & Postel-Vinay, Fabien & Temple, Jonathan, 2015. "Dynamic aid allocation," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(2), pages 291-304.
    3. Elena Bondarenko & Shuichiro Nishioka, 2011. "Determinants of Convergence in the Marginal Product of Capital," Working Papers 11-08, Department of Economics, West Virginia University.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    marginal product of capital; capital flows; convergence;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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