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Foreign direct investment and institutional reform: evidence and an application to Portugal

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  • Paulo Júlio
  • Ricardo Pinheiro-Alves
  • José Tavares

Abstract

We examine the role of geographic, economic, and institutional factors in attracting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Europe, using a cross-section of inward bilateral investments. We estimate and assess the expected benefits, the required reform efforts, and the efficiency of reform options corresponding to a convergence of Portuguese institutions to EU standards. We conclude that improving home institutions is likely to have a quantitatively very significant role in attracting FDI. Geographical and market size factors also play a role. Reforms promoting the independence of financial institutions and a leaner bureaucracy, lowering political risk and corruption, and improving the investment code may significantly affect the amount of bilateral inward FDI that is targeted to Portugal.

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  • Paulo Júlio & Ricardo Pinheiro-Alves & José Tavares, 2013. "Foreign direct investment and institutional reform: evidence and an application to Portugal," Working Papers w201306, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w201306
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    1. Santos, Eleonora & Khan, Shahed, 2019. "FDI Policies and Catching-Up," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 1821-1853.
    2. Paulo Júlio & Ricardo Pinheiro-Alves & José Tavares, 2013. "Foreign investment and institutional reform: Portugal in European perspective," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles and Banco de Portugal Economic Studies, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    3. Ricardo Pinheiro Alves, 2017. "Portugal: a Paradox in Productivity," GEE Papers 0070, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia, revised Jun 2017.
    4. Muhammad Shahbaz & Smile Dube & Ilhan Ozturk & Abdul Jalil, 2015. "Testing the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis in Portugal," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(2), pages 475-481.
    5. Ines TROJETTE, 2016. "The Effect Of Foreign Direct Investment On Economic Growth: The Institutional Threshold," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 43, pages 111-138.
    6. Liwiusz Wojciechowski, 2013. "The Determinants of FDI Flows from the EU-15 to the Visegrad Group Countries – A Panel Gravity Model Approach," Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, Centre for Strategic and International Entrepreneurship at the Cracow University of Economics., vol. 1(1), pages 7-22.
    7. Ly, Amadú & Esperança, José & Davcik, Nebojsa S., 2018. "What drives foreign direct investment: The role of language, geographical distance, information flows and technological similarity," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 111-122.
    8. Santos, Eleonora & Khan, Shahed, 2018. "Public Policies, Innovation and Convergence," EconStor Preprints 183508, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    9. Aurora A. C. Teixeira & Ana Sofia Loureiro, 2019. "FDI, income inequality and poverty: a time series analysis of Portugal, 1973–2016," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer;Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, vol. 18(3), pages 203-249, October.
    10. Dzianis Mukha, 2019. "National Economy Attractiveness For Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence From Belarus And European Region Countries," Economy & Business Journal, International Scientific Publications, Bulgaria, vol. 13(1), pages 43-60.
    11. Economou, Fotini, 2019. "Economic freedom and asymmetric crisis effects on FDI inflows: The case of four South European economies," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 114-126.
    12. Sadia IMTIAZ & Malik Fahim BASHIR, 2017. "Economic freedom and foreign direct investment in South Asian countries," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(2(611), S), pages 277-290, Summer.
    13. Nuno Carlos Leitão, 2015. "Energy Consumption and Foreign Direct Investment: A Panel Data Analysis for Portugal," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(1), pages 138-147.
    14. Márcio Mateus & Isabel Proença & Paulo Júlio, 2016. "What Drives Foreign Direct Investment In The Tradable Sector?," Portuguese Journal of Management Studies, ISEG, Universidade de Lisboa, vol. 21(2), pages 101-142.
    15. Sebastiaan Pompe & Mr. Wolfgang Bergthaler, 2015. "Reforming the Legal and Institutional Framework for the Enforcement of Civil and Commercial Claims in Portugal," IMF Working Papers 2015/279, International Monetary Fund.
    16. Nageri Kamaldeen Ibraheem & Gunu Umar, 2020. "Corruption and Ease of Doing Business: Evidence from ECOWAS," Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Economics and Business, Sciendo, vol. 8(1), pages 19-37, October.
    17. Aziz, Omar Ghazy, 2018. "Institutional quality and FDI inflows in Arab economies," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 111-123.

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