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Evaluating Job Search Programs for Old and Young Individuals: Heterogeneous Impact on Unemployment Duration

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  • Luis Centeno
  • Mário Centeno
  • Álvaro A. Novo

Abstract

This paper exploits an area-based pilot experiment to identify average treatment effects on unemployment duration of treated individuals of two active labor market programs implemented in Portugal. We focus on the short-term heterogeneous impact on two subpopulations of unemployed individuals: young (targeted by the Inserjovem program) and old (targeted by the Reage program). We show that the latter program has a small and positive impact (reduction) on unemployment duration of workers finding a job upon participation, whereas the impact of Inserjovem is generally negative (extended durations). These results are robust to a wide variety of constructions of quasi-experimental settings and estimators. The identification of heterogeneous effects showed that the program results were less satisfactory for young workers, for those over 40 and for the less educated. Women also benefited less from the programs. The results seem to improve slightly for young workers in the 2nd semester of implementation, but they deteriorate in the medium term. The lack of wage subsidies in the Portuguese programs may explain the minor impacts obtained, when compared to similar programs

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Centeno & Mário Centeno & Álvaro A. Novo, 2008. "Evaluating Job Search Programs for Old and Young Individuals: Heterogeneous Impact on Unemployment Duration," Working Papers w200806, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w200806
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Christoph Ehlert & Jochen Kluve & Sandra Schaffner, 2012. "Temporary work as an active labor market policy: Evaluating an innovative program for disadvantaged youths," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(2), pages 1765-1773.
    2. Jochen Kluve & Christoph Ehlert & Sandra Schaffner, 2011. "Training + Temp Work = Stepping Stone? – Evaluating an Innovative Activation Program for Disadvantaged Youths," Ruhr Economic Papers 0249, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    3. Bernhard Boockmann & Tobias Brändle, 2015. "Integrating Older Employees into the Labour Market – Evidence from a German Labour Market Programme," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 13(3), pages 59-64, October.
    4. Wolff, Joachim & Nivorozhkin, Anton, 2012. "Give them a break! Did activation of young welfare recipients overshoot in Germany? (A regression discontinuity analysis)," Annual Conference 2012 (Goettingen): New Approaches and Challenges for the Labor Market of the 21st Century 62046, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    5. repec:zbw:rwirep:0249 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. McGuinness, Seamus & Bergin, Adele & Whelan, Adele, 2017. "Making centralised data work for community development: an exploration of area-based training programmes in a unified framework," Papers WP555, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    7. Carlos Henrique Corseuil & Miguel Foguel & Gustavo Gonzaga & Eduardo Pontual Ribeiro, 2014. "Youth Turnover in Brazil: Job and Worker Flows and an Evaluation of a Youth-Targeted Training Program," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0155, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    8. repec:ces:ifodic:v:13:y:2015:i:3:p:19172607 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Peter Mueser & Marios Michaelides, 2015. "Are Reemployment Services Effective? Experimental Evidence from the Great Recession," Working Papers 1509, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
    10. Mário Centeno & Álvaro A. Novo, 2012. "Segmentation," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    11. Bruno Crépon & Marc Gurgand & Thierry Kamionka & Laurent Lequien, 2013. "Is Counseling Welfare Recipients Cost-Effective ? Lessons from a Random Experiment," Working Papers 2013-01, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    12. Ehlert, Christoph R. & Kluve, Jochen & Schaffner, Sandra, 2012. "Temporary Work as an Active Labor Market Policy: Evaluating an Innovative Activation Program for Disadvantaged Youths," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 1765-1773.
    13. Ehlert, Christoph & Kluve, Jochen & Schaffner, Sandra, 2011. "Training + Temp Work = Stepping Stone? – Evaluating an Innovative Activation Program for Disadvantaged Youths," Ruhr Economic Papers 249, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    14. Marco Caliendo & Ricarda Schmidl, 2016. "Youth unemployment and active labor market policies in Europe," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-30, December.
    15. Boockmann, Bernhard & Brändle, Tobias, 2015. "Coaching, Counseling, Case-Working: Do They Help the Older Unemployed Out of Benefit Receipt and Back into the Labor Market?," IZA Discussion Papers 8811, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    16. Stephan Thomsen, 2009. "Job Search Assistance Programs in Europe: Evaluation Methods and Recent Empirical Findings," FEMM Working Papers 09018, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management.
    17. Peralta, Maria Alexandra & Swinton, Scott M. & Maredia, Mywish K., 2011. "Accounting for selection bias in impact analysis of a rural development program: An application using propensity score matching," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126398, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    18. Eichhorst, Werner & Boeri, Tito & Braga, Michela & De Coen, An & Galasso, Vincenzo & Gerard, Maarten & Kendzia, Michael J. & Mayrhuber, Christine & Pedersen, Jakob Louis & Schmidl, Ricarda & Steiber, , 2013. "Report No. 53: Combining the Entry of Young People in the Labour Market with the Retention of Older Workers," IZA Research Reports 53, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    19. Caliendo, Marco & Künn, Steffen & Schmidl, Ricarda, 2011. "Fighting Youth Unemployment: The Effects of Active Labor Market Policies," IZA Discussion Papers 6222, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy

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