Searching for schools in a low quality market: Evidence from Chile
In this paper, we use survey and school level data in the Metropolitan Region (R.M.) of Chile to examine how legal and incentive changes to improve the national voucher program affected parent behavior and school responses. Using face-to-face interviews conducted with random samples of first grade parents in the R.M. in 2003 (prior to the policy shifts) and 2009 (after changes were implemented), we asked parents to tell us about the number and types of information they use to choose schools, and the distances they travel to send their children to school. We also analyze the changes in the availability of different types of private voucher schools and the quality of these schools across schooling markets with different socioeconomic environments in the R.M. We find that, while changes in some of the key aspects of the voucher program had an important effect on parent’s school search behavior, school supply response has been much slower. Parents are gathering more information, traveling greater distances, and willing to pay higher fees for better performing schools. However, while the number of private voucher schools has expanded across the R.M., there are very few quality options available to parents, especially in disadvantaged neighborhoods.
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- Gregory R. Weiher & Kent L. Tedin, 2002. "Does choice lead to racially distinctive schools? Charter schools and household preferences," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(1), pages 79-92.
- Lisa Barrow & Cecilia Elena Rouse, 2008.
"School vouchers and student achievement: recent evidence, remaining questions,"
Working Paper Series
WP-08-08, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
- Cecilia Rouse & Lisa Barrow, 2008. "School Vouchers and Student Achievement: Recent Evidence, Remaining Questions," Working Papers 1103, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Education Research Section..
- Thomas A. Downes & Shane M. Greenstein, 1996. "Understanding the Supply Decisions of Nonprofits: Modelling the Location of Private Schools," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 27(2), pages 365-390, Summer.
- Henry M. Levin, 1998. "Educational vouchers: Effectiveness, choice, and costs," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(3), pages 373-392.
- Tamás Bartus, 2005. "Estimation of marginal effects using margeff," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 5(3), pages 309-329, September.
- Brown, Byron W., 1992. "Why governments run schools," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 287-300, December.
- Derek Neal, 2002. "How Vouchers Could Change the Market for Education," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(4), pages 25-44, Fall. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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