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The Impact of Deregulation on the Employment and Wages of Airline Mechanics

Author

Listed:
  • David E. Card

    (Princeton University)

Abstract

This paper presents data on airline mechanics at eight of the largest U.S. airlines and describes the impact of the 1978 Airline Deregulation Act on their wage rates and employment levels. The major findings are: (1) up to 1983, real and relative wage rates of airline mechanics remained more or less constant across firms and over time; (2) the independence of mechanics' wage rates from firm-specific employment conditions after 1978 is consistent with pre-deregulatory experiences; (3) deregulation contributed to an existing trend of declining employment; and (4) deregulation did not bring about any systematic increase in mechanics' productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • David E. Card, 1985. "The Impact of Deregulation on the Employment and Wages of Airline Mechanics," Working Papers 570, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  • Handle: RePEc:pri:indrel:190
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    Cited by:

    1. Maria Guadalupe, 2007. "Product Market Competition, Returns to Skill, and Wage Inequality," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 25, pages 439-474.
    2. Bassanini, Andrea, 2015. "A Bitter Medicine? Short-term Employment Impact of Deregulation in Network Industries," IZA Discussion Papers 9187, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Bitzan, John D., 1997. "The Impacts of Deregulation on Railroad Labor," MPC Reports 231800, North Dakota State University, Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute.
    4. Philipp Lergetporer & Jens Ruhose & Lisa Simon, 2018. "Entry Barriers and the Labor Market Outcomes of Incumbent Workers: Evidence from a Deregulation Reform in the German Crafts Sector," CESifo Working Paper Series 7274, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Fernandes, Ana P. & Ferreira, Priscila & Alan Winters, L., 2014. "Firm entry deregulation, competition and returns to education and skill," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 210-230.
    6. Kristen Monaco, 2001. "Examining Industry Effects for Truck Drivers," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 18(1), pages 91-103, February.
    7. David Card, 1989. "Deregulation and Labor Earnings in the Airline Industry," Working Papers 627, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    8. David E. Davis & Wesley W. Wilson, 2003. "Wages in Rail Markets: Deregulation, Mergers, and Changing Networks Characteristics," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 69(4), pages 865-885, April.
    9. Majumdar Sumit K., 2015. "Competitor entry impact on jobs and wages in incumbent firms: retrospective evidence from a natural experiment," Business and Politics, De Gruyter, vol. 17(2), pages 291-326, August.
    10. Dapeng Zhang & Xiaokun Wang, 2016. "Investigating the Dynamic Spillover Effects of Low-Cost Airlines on Airport Airfare Through Spatio-Temporal Regression Models," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 16(3), pages 821-836, September.
    11. James Peoples, 1998. "Deregulation and the Labor Market," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(3), pages 111-130, Summer.
    12. Jennifer K. Shanefelter, 2008. "Restructuring, Ownership and Efficiency: The Case of Labor in Electricity Generation," EAG Discussions Papers 200812, Department of Justice, Antitrust Division.
    13. James Peoples, Jr., 1990. "Airline Deregulation and Industry Wage Levels," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 16(1), pages 49-58, Jan-Mar.
    14. Lergetporer, Philipp & Ruhose, Jens & Simon, Lisa, 2018. "Entry Barriers and the Labor Market Outcomes of Incumbent Workers: Evidence from a Deregulation Reform in the German Crafts Sector," IZA Discussion Papers 11857, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    15. repec:ags:ndtimr:231736 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Natália Pimenta Monteiro, 2004. "Regulatory reform and the Portuguese banking labour market: two decades later," NIPE Working Papers 10/2004, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    17. Henrik B. Okholm & Anna Möller, 2012. "Liberalization and Postal Workers," Chapters,in: Multi-Modal Competition and the Future of Mail, chapter 18 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    18. Jeff Borland, 2000. "Economic Explanations of Earnings Distribution Trends in the International Literature and Application to New Zealand," Treasury Working Paper Series 00/16, New Zealand Treasury.
    19. Hirsch, Barry T & Macpherson, David A, 2000. "Earnings, Rents, and Competition in the Airline Labor Market," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 18(1), pages 125-155, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    deregulation; wage determination; employment determination;

    JEL classification:

    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior
    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments

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