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Parsimonious Lenders: Bank Concentration and Credit Availability to Small Businesses

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  • Yongjin, Park

Abstract

This paper examines how bank competition affects the amount of credit provided to small businesses using both the loan turndown rate and the size of granted loans and L/Cs. Using 2003 National Survey of Small Business Finance data, we show that commercial banking in concentrated banking markets are more likely to reject loan applications. Moreover, the size of granted loans is found to be significantly smaller in concentrated markets. Finally, we show that the total limit of L/Cs that a firm has is also significantly smaller for firms in concentrated banking markets. Our finding challenges a notion that credit market competition may be inimical to the formation of mutually beneficial relationships between firms and specific creditors. We do not find any evidence that bank concentration is instrumental in building relationship banking and our results suggest the opposite.

Suggested Citation

  • Yongjin, Park, 2008. "Parsimonious Lenders: Bank Concentration and Credit Availability to Small Businesses," MPRA Paper 9266, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:9266
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/9266/1/MPRA_paper_9266.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Mitchell A. Petersen & Raghuram G. Rajan, 1995. "The Effect of Credit Market Competition on Lending Relationships," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(2), pages 407-443.
    2. Donald P. Morgan & Bertrand Rime & Philip E. Strahan, 2001. "Bank integration and business volatility," Staff Reports 129, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    3. Shaffer, Sherrill, 1998. "The Winner's Curse in Banking," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 359-392, October.
    4. Petersen, Mitchell A & Rajan, Raghuram G, 1994. " The Benefits of Lending Relationships: Evidence from Small Business Data," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(1), pages 3-37, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Franz R. Hahn & Werner Hölzl, 2012. "Effects of the New Capital Requirements of Basel III on the Financing of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in Austria," Austrian Economic Quarterly, WIFO, vol. 17(3), pages 168-186, August.
    2. Franz R. Hahn & Werner Hölzl, 2012. "Effects of the New Capital Regulations of "Basel III" on the Financing of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Austria," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 85(3), pages 189-208, March.
    3. Angela S. Bergantino & Claudia Capozza, 2012. "The e§ect of Bank Concentration on Entrepreneurship in Central and Eastern European Transition Countries," SERIES 0043, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza - Università degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro", revised Nov 2012.
    4. Claudia Capozza & Angela Stefania Bergantino, 2013. "The effect of Bank Concentration on Entrepreneurship in Central and Eastern European Transition Countries_x0003_," ERSA conference papers ersa13p1049, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank Competition; Credit Availability; Small Business; Relationship Banking;

    JEL classification:

    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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