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Has Money Lost Its Relevance? Resolving the Exchange Rate Disconnect Puzzle

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  • Ghosh, Taniya
  • Bhadury, Soumya Suvra

Abstract

The objective of this study is to identify the monetary policy shock causing exchange rate fluctuations in the economies of India, Poland and the UK. For this purpose, an open-economy structural vector auto-regression model is used, resorting to data covering the period 2000-2015. The model used in the paper is appropriate for the small, open economies being analysed here as it facilitates estimation of theoretically correct and significant responses in terms of the price, output, and exchange rate to monetary policy tightening. The importance of monetary policy shock is established by examining the variance decomposition of forecast error, impulse response function, and out-of-sample forecast. The model also allows for the precise measurement of money through the adoption of a new monetary measure, namely, aggregation–theoretic Divisia monetary aggregate. The empirical results lead to three critical findings. Firstly, it is imperative to consider the estimated responses of output, prices, money and exchange rate to monetary policy shocks in models using monetary aggregates. Secondly, the incorporation of Divisia money in monetary policy helps in explaining fluctuations in the exchange rate. Thirdly, the inclusion of Divisia money also promotes better out-of-sample forecasting of the exchange rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Ghosh, Taniya & Bhadury, Soumya Suvra, 2018. "Has Money Lost Its Relevance? Resolving the Exchange Rate Disconnect Puzzle," MPRA Paper 90627, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:90627
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary policy; Monetary aggregates; Divisia; Structural VAR; Exchange rate overshooting; Liquidity puzzle; Price puzzle; Exchange rate disconnect puzzle; Forward discount bias puzzle;

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • F00 - International Economics - - General - - - General

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