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Demanda de dinero y liberalizacion financiera en Mexico: Un enfoque de cointegracion
[Money demand and financial liberalization in Mexico: A cointegration approach]


  • L. Arnaut, Javier


This paper examines the long run dynamics of Mexico’s money demand using Johansen’s cointegration approach with different specifications. The empirical evidence indicates that real balances, real income and the interest rate are cointegrated in all subperiods. The findings suggest that recent changes in economic policy through financial liberalization affected money demand functions; this due to the fact that income elasticity fell down during the transition through the subperiods, but simultaneously this did not affect the functional stability. The cointegrated coefficient on currency-money ratio (M0/M1) suggests that when the ratio falls, the demand for money falls too. Nevertheless, this last evidence is statistically weak. In addition, it was determined that alternative equations are not better than the conventional ones.

Suggested Citation

  • L. Arnaut, Javier, 2008. "Demanda de dinero y liberalizacion financiera en Mexico: Un enfoque de cointegracion
    [Money demand and financial liberalization in Mexico: A cointegration approach]
    ," MPRA Paper 8680, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:8680

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Phillip Cagan & Anna J. Schwartz, 1987. "Has the Growth of Money Substitutes Hindered Monetary Policy?," NBER Chapters,in: Money in Historical Perspective, pages 209-233 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Arrau, Patricio & De Gregorio, Jose & Reinhart, Carmen M. & Wickham, Peter, 1995. "The demand for money in developing countries: Assessing the role of financial innovation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 317-340, April.
    3. Robert Dekle & Mahmood Pradhan, 1997. "Financial Liberalization and Money Demand in Asean Countries; Implications for Monetary Policy," IMF Working Papers 97/36, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Kremers, Jeroen J M & Ericsson, Neil R & Dolado, Juan J, 1992. "The Power of Cointegration Tests," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 54(3), pages 325-348, August.
    5. Hoffman, Dennis L & Rasche, Robert H, 1991. "Long-Run Income and Interest Elasticities of Money Demand in the United States," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(4), pages 665-674, November.
    6. Neil R. Ericsson, 1998. "Empirical modeling of money demand," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 295-315.
    7. Subramanian S Sriram, 1999. "Survey of Literature on Demand for Money; Theoretical and Empirical Work with Special Reference to Error-Correction Models," IMF Working Papers 99/64, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, P., 1974. "Spurious regressions in econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 111-120, July.
    9. Arango, Sebastian & Ishaq Nadiri, M., 1981. "Demand for money in open economies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 69-83.
    10. Serena Ng & Pierre Perron, 2001. "LAG Length Selection and the Construction of Unit Root Tests with Good Size and Power," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(6), pages 1519-1554, November.
    11. Arrau, Patricio & De Gregorio, Jose, 1993. "Financial Innovation and Money Demand: Application to Chile and Mexico," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(3), pages 524-530, August.
    12. Hafer, R W & Jansen, Dennis W, 1991. "The Demand for Money in the United States: Evidence from Cointegration Tests," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(2), pages 155-168, May.
    13. Mohsen Bahmani-Oskooee & Miquel-Angel Galindo Martin & Farhang Niroomand, 1998. "Exchange rate sensitivity of the demand for money in Spain," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(5), pages 607-612.
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    More about this item


    Money demand; financial liberalization; cointegration; error correction mechanism; currency-money ratio; Mexico;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money

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