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Организация На Аграрните Иновации
[Organisation of agrarian inovation]


  • Bachev, Hrabrin


В статията се прави опит за адаптиране на принципите на ново развиващата се Икономика на транзакционите разходи към сферата на аграрните изследвания и развитие, и за определяне на ефективните граници на организациите за аграрни иновации. Разходите за транзакция свързани с аграрните изследвания и развитие са поставени в центъра на икономическия анализ. Систематизирани са предимствата и недостатъците на алтернативните пазарни и непазарни форми за организация на транзакциите в аграрни иновации. Определен е критерият за ефективна намеса на трета страна (обществена, международна помощ и т.н.) в аграрните транзакции. Определени са взаимоотношенията между текущи и дългосрочни транзакционни разходи в аграрните иновации. Откроена е спецификата на ограничената рационалност и опортюнизма в сферата на изследванията и иновациите, на критичните измерения на транзакциите в тази сфера (комбинация на многоагентни усилия, поливалентност, висока специфичност на активите, малък брой участници и липсващи пазари, минимален технологичен размер, ниска присвояемост на резултата, потребност от проектна организация), и произтичащите от това и прилагани специфични форми за ефективна организация. Определени са икономическите последствия за институционалния дизайн и за икономизирането на транзакционните разходи в аграрните иновации. Предложена е матрица с ефективни управленчески форми за организация на многообразните транзакции в аграрните иновации за снабдяване със знания, снабдяване с труд, снабдяване с материални активи, и маркетинг. Определени са ефективните граници на разнообразните пазарни, частни, обществени и хибридни организации за аграрни иновации на базата на степента на присвояемост, специфичност на активите, неопределеност, честота на транзакциите, и възможностите за реализиране на технологически икономии на размери и мащаби в аграрните иновации.

Suggested Citation

  • Bachev, Hrabrin, 1999. "Организация На Аграрните Иновации [Organisation of agrarian inovation]," MPRA Paper 76498, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:76498

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bashev, Chrabrin & Denchev, Rumen, 1992. "Economic Efficiency of Agricultural Research," 1992 Occasional Paper Series No. 6 197730, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. R. H. Coase, 2013. "The Problem of Social Cost," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 56(4), pages 837-877.
    3. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters, in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. North, Douglass C, 1994. "Economic Performance through Time," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 359-368, June.
    5. William M. Dugger, 1996. "The Mechanisms of Governance," Journal of Economic Issues, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(4), pages 1212-1216, December.
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    More about this item


    governance; agrarian research and innovation; research and innovation institutions; new institutional economics; public; private and hybrid organizations;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior
    • L3 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise
    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy; Animal Welfare Policy


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