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Financial Harmonization and Industrial Growth: Evidence from Europe

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  • Ozkok, Zeynep

Abstract

This paper analyzes the growth effects of the Financial Services Action Plan (FSAP) of the European Commission, a set of measures and directives that aim to harmonize European financial markets. Using a panel of 25 countries and 30 industries, we find that the standard specification predicts harmonization to lower growth, though the negative effect is mitigated for industries that depend more on external finance. We then show that this seemingly surprising result is due to omitted variable bias. We would expect early adopters to bear more of the costs and experience less of the benefits of harmonization. Once we control for the relative timing of adoption, harmonization is shown to have a positive effect on growth. This finding is robust to including further controls, splitting up the sample into different groups of countries, and extending the model to a dynamic setting.

Suggested Citation

  • Ozkok, Zeynep, 2012. "Financial Harmonization and Industrial Growth: Evidence from Europe," MPRA Paper 58875, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 25 Sep 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:58875
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/58875/1/MPRA_paper_58875.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Zeynep Ozkok, 2016. "Financial Harmonization and Financial Development: An Application of Europe’s Financial Services Action Plan," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot GmbH, Berlin, vol. 62(1), pages 1-35.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial integration; Legal; regulatory harmonization; External finance dependence; European Union; FSAP;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F55 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Institutional Arrangements
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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