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Is There A Diversification “Cost” of Shari’ah Compliance? Empirical Evidence from Malaysian Equities

Listed author(s):
  • Kamil, Nazrol
  • Bacha, Obiyadulla
  • Masih, Mansur

Islamic equity portfolios work with a smaller investment universe given the filtering of non-Shari’ah compliant stocks. It has been theoretically argued that this culminates in suboptimal portfolio diversification which in turn adversely affects risk-adjusted returns. We employ a number of methods, namely construction of efficient frontiers, time-varying maximum Sharpe ratios, MGARCH-DCC and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), to offer empirical evidence that such a conceived portfolio diversification “penalty” is far from a foregone conclusion, at least empirically. Our results show that Islamic portfolios are not invariably handicapped in terms of portfolio diversification. We also explored dimensions which may account for differences in relative investment performance between Islamic and conventional portfolios such as portfolio constraints, length of investment horizon and market conditions. We believe this paper is among the first to apply substantial empirical analysis of the portfolio diversification perspective on Islamic equity investments.

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File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/56951/1/MPRA_paper_56951.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 56951.

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Date of creation: 28 Jun 2014
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:56951
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  1. De Santis, Giorgio & Gerard, Bruno, 1997. " International Asset Pricing and Portfolio Diversification with Time-Varying Risk," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(5), pages 1881-1912, December.
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  3. Derigs, Ulrich & Marzban, Shehab, 2009. "New strategies and a new paradigm for Shariah-compliant portfolio optimization," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 1166-1176, June.
  4. Renneboog, Luc & Ter Horst, Jenke & Zhang, Chendi, 2008. "The price of ethics and stakeholder governance: The performance of socially responsible mutual funds," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 302-322, June.
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  10. Chiou, Wan-Jiun Paul & Lee, Alice C. & Chang, Chiu-Chi A., 2009. "Do investors still benefit from international diversification with investment constraints?," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 448-483, May.
  11. Bauer, Rob & Koedijk, Kees & Otten, Roger, 2005. "International evidence on ethical mutual fund performance and investment style," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(7), pages 1751-1767, July.
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  13. Chiou, Wan-Jiun Paul, 2009. "Benefits of international diversification with investment constraints: An over-time perspective," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 93-110, April.
  14. Hong, Harrison & Kacperczyk, Marcin, 2009. "The price of sin: The effects of social norms on markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(1), pages 15-36, July.
  15. Driessen, Joost & Laeven, Luc, 2007. "International portfolio diversification benefits: Cross-country evidence from a local perspective," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 1693-1712, June.
  16. Li, Kai & Sarkar, Asani & Wang, Zhenyu, 2003. "Diversification benefits of emerging markets subject to portfolio constraints," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(1-2), pages 57-80, February.
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