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The sources of profits and their sustainability: A survey of basic theoretical issues

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  • Skouras, Thanos

Abstract

The volume of profits in an economy is a magnitude, which is out of sight of orthodox macroeconomics textbooks and effectively ignored by neoclassical economics. In contrast, Kalecki's approach brings to the forefront the sources of profits and makes possible their further analysis. The sources of profits are examined one by one and their impacts, as well as the inter-relations among them are studied in some detail. The sustainability of the profits' sources tends to have inevitable limits, which are discussed and elucidated. On the basis of these limits, two phases in the operation of the sources may be distinguished. The beneficial phase is transformed into a pathological one, as the limits are approached. Consequently, profits may be distinguished according to the source from which they flow, as well as the phase in which they arise. Taking into account both source and phase, a terminology is proposed to highlight the distinctive character of the different kinds of profits.

Suggested Citation

  • Skouras, Thanos, 2013. "The sources of profits and their sustainability: A survey of basic theoretical issues," MPRA Paper 46567, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:46567
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/46567/1/MPRA_paper_46567.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Thomas Herndon & Michael Ash & Robert Pollin, 2014. "Does high public debt consistently stifle economic growth? A critique of Reinhart and Rogoff," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 38(2), pages 257-279.
    2. S Jay Levy, 2001. "Profits: The Views of Jerome Levy and Michal Kalecki," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(1), pages 17-30, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    profits; investment; export surplus; budget deficit; consumption out of profits; saving out of wages; profits' limits and sustainability;

    JEL classification:

    • B5 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches
    • B59 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Other
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism

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