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Burnout among para-teachers in India


  • Toppo, Mary Rajnee
  • Manjhi, Ganesh


The concept of burnout is seen in almost all the profession such as-managerial work, nursing, teaching etc. This paper focused on the burnout study of para-teachers’ in India. Para-teachers were untrained, less paid and employed up to secondary school on contractual basis. Government is silently promoting them as ‘Money Saving Approach’ in current education system. Para-teachers agitation throughout the country indicated towards the serious psycho-social problems among teachers community. Hence, the attempt is to present the cross sectional study of the sample of 100 Para-teachers from Jharkhand (India). To measure the Burnout level among para-teachers, Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) Educational Survey was used as a tool. Apart from the three constituents of burnout like Emotional exhaustion, Depersonalization, reduced Personal Accomplishment, another three variables like the low Self Efficacy, Environmental factors and Job dissatisfaction were taken as additional scales. It explored the different causal factors for burnout to study the problems in Indian context. The correlation matrix and the general to specific modeling of multiple regressions analysis showed that gender, teaching experiences, student populations and financial insecurity were significantly contributing to burnout. Thus the background for burnout has been created by economical, social and psychological aspects among para-teachers.

Suggested Citation

  • Toppo, Mary Rajnee & Manjhi, Ganesh, 2011. "Burnout among para-teachers in India," MPRA Paper 43507, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Dec 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:43507

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Karthik Muralidharan & Venkatesh Sundararaman, 2011. "Teacher Performance Pay: Experimental Evidence from India," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 119(1), pages 39-77.
    2. Edward P. Lazear, 2001. "Educational Production," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 116(3), pages 777-803.
    3. Karthik Muralidharan & Venkatesh Sundararaman, 2013. "Contract Teachers: Experimental Evidence from India," NBER Working Papers 19440, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Vimala Ramachandran & Madhumita Pal & Sharada Jain & Sunil Shekar & Jitendra Sharma, 2006. "Teacher Motivation in India," Working Papers id:306, eSocialSciences.
    5. Robinson, Nick & Gauri, Varun, 2010. "Education, labor rights, and incentives : contract teacher cases in the indian courts," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5365, The World Bank.
    6. Vimala Ramachandran & Suman Bhattacharjea & K M Sheshagiri, 2011. "Primary School Teachers: The Twists and Turns of Everyday Practice," Working Papers id:4303, eSocialSciences.
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    More about this item


    Para-teachers; Burnout; Contract teacher; Education;

    JEL classification:

    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education


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