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Inégalités des revenus,endettement et pauvreté dans les pays de l’uemoa : une approche sur données de panel dynamique
[Income inequalities, debt, and poverty in WAEMU Countries : A Dynamic Panel Data Approach]


  • Gakpa, Lewis Landry


The objective of this paper is to analyze the impact of income inequalities on external debt on the one hand and the influence of external debt on poverty on the other hand. The study relates to a sample made up of seven WAEMU countries between 1984 and 2005. The empirical verification starting from data of dynamic panel shows overall significant results. Indeed, these results affirm firstly that the income inequalities favours the increase of external debt and secondly, the presence of external debt increases poverty in WAEMU countries.

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  • Gakpa, Lewis Landry, 2012. "Inégalités des revenus,endettement et pauvreté dans les pays de l’uemoa : une approche sur données de panel dynamique
    [Income inequalities, debt, and poverty in WAEMU Countries : A Dynamic Panel Da
    ," MPRA Paper 41896, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:41896

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Barro, Robert J, 1989. "The Ricardian Approach to Budget Deficits," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(2), pages 37-54, Spring.
    2. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
    3. Krugman, Paul, 1988. "Financing vs. forgiving a debt overhang," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 253-268, November.
    4. Youssouf Kiendrebeogo, 2010. "Développement financier et pauvreté dans l'UEMOA," Documents de travail 155, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
    5. Andrew M. Warner, 1992. "Did the Debt Crisis Cause the Investment Crisis?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(4), pages 1161-1186.
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    More about this item


    Income inequalities ; External debt ; Poverty ; Dynamic panel ; WAEMU;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • H63 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Debt; Debt Management; Sovereign Debt
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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