IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Développement financier et pauvreté dans l'UEMOA


  • Youssouf Kiendrebeogo

    (GED, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)


La présente étude se propose d’évaluer les implications du développement du système financier sur la réduction de la pauvreté dans l’UEMOA et de mettre en évidence d’éventuels mécanismes de seuils dans la relation étudiée à partir d’analyses théoriques et empiriques. Les résultats obtenus à partir de données de panel pour un échantillon de sept pays de la Zone sur la période 1981-2005 montrent que l’approfondissement financier est un facteur réducteur de la pauvreté monétaire dans l’Union. Par ailleurs, la prise en compte dans l’échantillon d’autres pays en développement fait ressortir qu’il existe des mécanismes de seuil dans la relation entre approfondissement financier et pauvreté. Ces résultats sont robustes à l’introduction de variables de contrôle additionnelles. This study aims to assess both financial development effects for poverty reduction in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) and threshold effects evidence in financial development and poverty relation using theoretical and empirical analyses. The results obtained with panel data for a sample of WAEMU countries from 1981 through 2005 suggest that the poor benefit from the ability of banking system to facilitate credit allocation and provide saving opportunities. Moreover, with taking account of other developing countries in the sample, we find that financial deepening must get a certain level to be beneficial significantly to the reduction of poverty. These results are robust to additional control variables introduction. (Full text in french)

Suggested Citation

  • Youssouf Kiendrebeogo, 2010. "Développement financier et pauvreté dans l'UEMOA," Documents de travail 155, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  • Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:155

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dollar, David & Kraay, Aart, 2002. "Growth Is Good for the Poor," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 195-225, September.
    2. Denizer Cevdet A. & Iyigun Murat F. & Owen Ann, 2002. "Finance and Macroeconomic Volatility," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 2(1), pages 1-32, October.
    3. Kaminsky, Graciela Laura & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2002. "Short-run pain, long-run gain : the effects of financial liberalization," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2912, The World Bank.
    4. Rajan, Raghuram G & Zingales, Luigi, 1998. "Financial Dependence and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 559-586, June.
    5. Demirguc-Kunt, Ash & Levine, Ross, 1996. "Stock Market Development and Financial Intermediaries: Stylized Facts," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(2), pages 291-321, May.
    6. Raghuram G. Rajan, 2005. "Has financial development made the world riskier?," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Aug, pages 313-369.
    7. Patrick Honohan, 2004. "Financial development, growth, and poverty: how close are the links?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3203, The World Bank.
    8. Thomas Barnebeck Andersen & Finn Tarp, 2003. "Financial liberalization, financial development and economic growth in LDCs," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 189-209.
    9. De Gregorio, Jose & Guidotti, Pablo E., 1995. "Financial development and economic growth," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 433-448, March.
    10. Vassili Prokopenko & Paul Holden, 2001. "Financial Development and Poverty Alleviation; Issues and Policy Implications for Developing and Transition Countries," IMF Working Papers 01/160, International Monetary Fund.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Gakpa, Lewis Landry, 2012. "Inégalités des revenus,endettement et pauvreté dans les pays de l’uemoa : une approche sur données de panel dynamique
      [Income inequalities, debt, and poverty in WAEMU Countries : A Dynamic Panel Da
      ," MPRA Paper 41896, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:155. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.