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MIMAP Synthesis Report: Major Conclusions and Policy Implications


  • Kemal, A. R.
  • Irfan, Mohammad
  • Arif, G. M.


Despite the imperfections and complications in the evaluative procedures, the effects of SAP have been assessed in many developing countries. Research carried out by the PIDE-based project “Micro Impact of Macro Adjustment Policies” (MIMAP)1 is a pioneering venture that assesses the impact of various versions of SAP implemented by Pakistan since the mid-1980s. The general objective of the MIMAP project has been to facilitate the formulation of policies aimed at growth and improved welfare levels particularly of vulnerable groups, in Pakistan. The three specific objectives include: (1) To highlight and quantify the impact of macroeconomic and adjustment policies on poverty levels thereby yielding policy relevant insights; (2) To achieve the above specific objective through the use of sample household survey, the use of existing secondary socio-economic data sources, and the development of a micro-macro modelling exercise; and (3) To disseminate the project’s results within the country and to other MIMAP groups through technical publications, policy papers and seminars. In order to operationalise these objectives, the project was divided into two integrated but stand-alone components: poverty monitoring and modeling. Under the poverty-mentoring component, a nationally representative survey was carried out, while the modeling component was designed to develop Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) and Computable General Equilibrium Models (CGE). During the first phase of the Pakistan MIMAP project in total 13 studies were completed. The present study brings out major conclusions and policy implications based on these studies. It also sets out future direction for research. The sample design of the household survey and its socio-economic and demographic characteristics are discussed in Section II, where a comparison has also been made with the results of the 1998-99 Pakistan Integrated Household survey. Four research studies representing first round of analysis of the MIMAP data set are briefly summarised in Section III. Findings of five studies covering SAM and CGE models are discussed in Section IV, followed by presentation of findings of other three studies in Section V. The next section contains some suggestions for extension of research and modeling efforts to realise the objectives of ongoing MIMAP project. Conclusions and policy implications are presented in the last two section of the report.

Suggested Citation

  • Kemal, A. R. & Irfan, Mohammad & Arif, G. M., 2001. "MIMAP Synthesis Report: Major Conclusions and Policy Implications," MPRA Paper 38155, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38155

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Rizwana Siddiqui & Zafar Iqbal, 1999. "Social Accounting Matrix of Pakistan for 1989-90," PIDE-Working Papers 1999:171, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    2. G.M. Arif & Sabiha Ibrahim, 1998. "Diarrhoea Morbidity Differentials among Children in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 37(3), pages 205-230.
    3. Decaluwe, Bernard & Martens, Andre, 1988. "CGE modeling and developing economies: A concise empirical survey of 73 applications to 26 countries," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 529-568.
    4. G. M. Arif & Syed Mubashir Ali & Zafar Mueen Nasir & Nabeela Arshad, 2001. "An Introduction to the 1998-99 Pakistan Socioeconomic Survey (PSES)," MIMAP Technical Paper Series 2001:04, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    5. Zafar Mueen Nasir, 2001. "Poverty and Labour Market Linkages in Pakistan," MIMAP Technical Paper Series 2001:07, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    6. Rashid Amjad & A.R. Kemal, 1997. "Macroeconomic Policies and their Impact on Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 36(1), pages 39-68.
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    Cited by:

    1. Arshad Ali Bhatti & Zakia Batool & Hasnain A. Naqvi, 2015. "Fiscal Policy and Its Role in Reducing Income Inequality- A CGE Analysis for Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 54(4), pages 843-864.
    2. Mian Tayyab Hassan, 2002. "Governance and Poverty in Pakistan," MIMAP Technical Paper Series 2002:13, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    3. Umer Khalid & Lubna Shahnaz & Hajira Bibi, 2005. "Determinants of Poverty in Pakistan: A Multinomial Logit Approach," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 10(1), pages 65-81, Jan-Jun.

    More about this item


    Micro Impact of Macro Adjustment Policies; SAP; Policies; Growth; Welfare Levels; Household Survey;

    JEL classification:

    • A1 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics


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