An Assessment of the Impact of Trade Liberalisation on Welfare in Pakistan: A General Equilibrium Analysis
Using Computable General Equilibrium Model, this paper assesses the impact of import liberalisation on macro aggregates and on the welfare of households. It uses benchmark data from Social Accounting Matrix for the year 1989-90 and simulates the impact of (i) removal of quota restrictions on imports of electric and non-electric equipment and transport equipment, (ii) reduction in import tariffs, and (iii) reduction in quota and tariff restriction in the presence of economic growth. The results of these simulation exercises indicate that reduction in quantitative restrictions on imports improves welfare of employees’ group of households in the urban areas. Welfare gain is the highest for the poorest group of households in the rural areas. Similarly, tariff reduction benefits employees more and (in the rural areas) than it does the medium-size landholders.
|Date of creation:||2003|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: P.O.Box 1091, Islamabad-44000|
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- Rizwana Siddiqui & Zafar Iqbal, 1999. "Social Accounting Matrix of Pakistan for 1989-90," PIDE-Working Papers 1999:171, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
- Moore, Mick & Leavy, Jennifer & Houtzager, Peter & White, Howard, 1999. "Polity qualities: how governance affects poverty," MPRA Paper 9467, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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- White, H., 1997. "The economic and social impact of adjustment in Africa : further empirical analysis," ISS Working Papers - General Series 18987, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
- Thorbecke, Erik & Berrian, David, 1992. "Budgetary rules to minimize societal poverty in a general equilibrium context," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 189-205, October.
- Zafar Iqbal & Rizwana Siddiqui, 1998. "The Impact of Structural Adjustment on Income Distribution in Pakistan A SAM-based Analysis," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 37(4), pages 377-397.
- Decaluwe, B. & Patry, A. & Savard, L. & Thorbecke, E., 1999.
"Poverty Analysis Within a General Equilibrium Framework,"
Cahiers de recherche
9909, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
- Decaluwe, B. & Patry, A. & Savard, L. & Thorbecke, E., 1999. "Poverty Analysis Within a General Equilibrium Framework," Papers 9909, Laval - Recherche en Politique Economique.
- Hine, Robert C & Wright, Peter W, 1998. "Trade with Low Wage Economies, Employment and Productivity in UK Manufacturing," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(450), pages 1500-1510, September.
- Rashid Amjad & A.R. Kemal, 1997. "Macroeconomic Policies and their Impact on Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 36(1), pages 39-68. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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