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Recent Rise in Poverty and Its Implications for Poor Households in Pakistan

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  • G. M. Arif

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

Abstract

There is sample evidence that poverty which declined rapidly in Pakistan in the 1970s and 1980s has increased in the 1990s.1 This rise in poverty is likely to have adversely affected the ability of poor households to enrol their young children in schools. The cost of schooling even when it is free is usually the most pressing obstacles for poor people to send their children in school. Similarly, health correlates strongly with poverty. This does not mean that poverty is itself a direct cause of diseases, but it lies behind other causes of disease such as in-sanitary living conditions, lack of adequate nutrition, poor access to safe drinking water, and sanitation and bad working conditions [World Bank (1993)]. Because of these factors, the poor are more affected by communicable diseases than are the rich. They have also less access to modern health facilities. This paper examines recent trends in poverty and their impact on primary school enrolment, health status and housing conditions in Pakistan.

Suggested Citation

  • G. M. Arif, 2000. "Recent Rise in Poverty and Its Implications for Poor Households in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 39(4), pages 1153-1170.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:39:y:2000:i:4:p:1153-1170
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Syed Mubashir Ali, 2001. "Poverty and Child Mortality in Pakistan," MIMAP Technical Paper Series 2001:06, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    2. Deon Filmer & Lant Pritchett, 1999. "The Effect of Household Wealth on Educational Attainment: Evidence from 35 Countries," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 25(1), pages 85-120.
    3. G.M. Arif & Sabiha Ibrahim, 1998. "Diarrhoea Morbidity Differentials among Children in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 37(3), pages 205-230.
    4. Mohammad, Irfan & Amjad, Rashid, 1994. "Poverty in rural Pakistan," MPRA Paper 38335, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. G. M. Arif & Najam US Saqib & G. M. Zahid, 1999. "Poverty, Gender, and Primary School Enrolment in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 38(4), pages 979-992.
    6. Rashid Amjad & A.R. Kemal, 1997. "Macroeconomic Policies and their Impact on Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 36(1), pages 39-68.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Imran Sharif Chaudhry & Shahnawaz Malik & Abo ul Hassan, 2009. "The Impact of Socioeconomic and Demographic Variables on Poverty: A Village Study," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 14(1), pages 39-68, Jan-Jun.
    2. Abdul Saboor & Maria Manzoor & Atta Khan, 2016. "Time use poverty and gender inequality: empirical evidences from Punjab," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 421-438, January.
    3. Atta Ullah Khan & Abdul Saboor & Ikram Ali & Wasim Shahid Malik & Khalid Mahmood, 2016. "Urbanization of multidimensional poverty: empirical evidences from Pakistan," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, pages 439-469.
    4. Imran Sharif Chaudhry & Shahnawaz Malik & Asma Imran, 2006. "Urban Poverty and Governance: The Case of Multan City," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 45(4), pages 819-830.
    5. Atta Khan & Abdul Saboor & Abid Hussain & Shumaila Sadiq & Abdul Mohsin, 2014. "Investigating Multidimensional Poverty across the Regions in the Sindh Province of Pakistan," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 119(2), pages 515-532, November.
    6. Abdul Saboor & Maria Manzoor & Atta Ullah Khan, 2016. "Time use poverty and gender inequality: empirical evidences from Punjab," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 421-438, January.
    7. Usman Mustafa & Waqar Malik & Mohammad Sharif, 2001. "Globalisation and Its Implications for Agriculture, Food Security, and Poverty in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 40(4), pages 767-786.
    8. Arshad Zaman, 2001. "The Economics of Stateless Nations: Sovereign Debt and Popular Well-being in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 40(4), pages 1121-1134.
    9. Mohammad Afzal, 2007. "The Impact of Globalisation on Economic Growth of Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 46(4), pages 723-734.

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