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The Extent of Trade Mis-Invoicing in Turkey: Did Post-1990 Policies Matter?

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  • Yalta, A. Yasemin
  • Demir, Ishak

Abstract

We analyze the extent and the direction of trade misinvoicing in the context of the new policy environment that has affected the Turkish economy in the post 1990 period. Utilizing bilateral partner country statistics between Turkey and its major trading partners, we observe persisting export overinvoicing and an oscillating pattern of import misinvoicing at the aggregate level. Country-specific data reveal different patterns. As opposed to the general trend in misinvoicing, exports to China are underinvoiced and imports are overinvoiced. We also analyze how the liberalization policies and the customs union agreement with the European Union countries affect trade misinvoicing. We find that, with trade liberalization policies, import misinvoicing has decreased at the aggregate level. However, contrary to the expectations, customs union agreement did not help decrease the extent of trade misinvoicing in Turkey.

Suggested Citation

  • Yalta, A. Yasemin & Demir, Ishak, 2010. "The Extent of Trade Mis-Invoicing in Turkey: Did Post-1990 Policies Matter?," MPRA Paper 30186, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:30186
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Marko Kwaramba & Nyasha Mahonye & Leonard Mandishara, 2016. "Capital Flight and Trade Misinvoicing in Zimbabwe," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 28(S1), pages 50-64, April.
    3. Mahjus Ekananda, 2018. "Misinvoicing Analysis in ASEAN-China Free Trade Aggrement (ACFTA)," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1), pages 187-205.
    4. Temesgen Worku & Juan P. Mendoza & Jacco L. Wielhouwer, 2016. "Tariff evasion in sub-Saharan Africa: the influence of corruption in importing and exporting countries," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 23(4), pages 741-761, August.
    5. Emmanuel Ekow Asmah & Francis Kwaw Andoh & Edem Titriku, 2020. "Trade misinvoicing effects on tax revenue in sub‐Saharan Africa: The role of tax holidays and regulatory quality," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 91(4), pages 649-672, December.
    6. Qureshi, Tehseen Ahmed & Mahmood, Zafar, 2015. "The Size of Trade Misinvoicing in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 65801, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Kubo, Koji, 2012. "Trade policies and trade mis-reporting in Myanmar," IDE Discussion Papers 326, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International trade; trade misinvoicing; foreign trade statistics; Turkey.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F01 - International Economics - - General - - - Global Outlook
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade

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