Coerced indigenous labor and free mestizo peasantry: a property-rights, rent-seeking view of colonial Paraguay
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- Alchian, Armen A. & Demsetz, Harold, 1973. "The Property Right Paradigm," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 33(01), pages 16-27, March.
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KeywordsIn the Spanish american colony of Paraguay; inland and on the Indian and Portuguese frontiers; tribute extraction from indigenous people in the form of labor services took the form of the encomienda (from the Latin commenda); mit'a; and yanaconazgo. Because of the paucity of Spanish immigration; however; children of Spanish and indigenous parents (the so-called mestizos); were considered Spanish and exempt from the encomienda. However; in exchange for granting encomiendas to its worthiest subjects the Crown had required them; as well as colonists of lesser means to provide military service for their own defense against Indian and Portuguese attacks; thus saving the expenditure of royal revenues . A small peasantry free from labor services obligations but subject to military contributions to defense thus developed. In a resource-abundant frontier setting; therefore; a free mestizo peasantry thus developed; even though in similar circumstances elsewhere these were subject to the same compulsory labor as those to those imposed on indigenous people.;
- B52 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary
- P14 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Property Rights
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
- N56 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Latin America; Caribbean
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