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Price setting in South Africa 2001-2007 - stylised facts using consumer price micro data

  • Creamer, Kenneth
  • Rankin, Neil A.

Inflation, a macroeconomic variable, is underpinned by microeconomic data. This paper uses a large microdata sample at the unit level of South Africa’s Consumer Price Index (CPI) for the period 2001m12 to 2007m12 to begin to understand price setting conduct in South Africa. An understanding of price setting conduct is important since macroeconomic models, used for monetary policy, often incorporate estimates of pricing conduct. Often these estimates are not based on rigorous analysis of the underlying data. The dataset used in this paper allows for the following to be calculated: the frequency of price changes, the frequency of price increases and price decreases, findings on the magnitude of price changes, price increases and price decreases, and findings on the duration of prices, and thus provides a more accurate estimate on pricing conduct than has been previously available for South Africa. Results are presented at both an aggregate and a disaggregated level, based on the CPI’s major product categories and show the heterogeneous nature of price changes within the South African economy. These South African results are compared briefly to the results for other countries, where such micro level price data analysis has been undertaken. The study is part of a broader research effort into the implications of price setting conduct for monetary policy in South Africa, including an analysis of time- and state-dependent factors influencing the frequency and magnitude of price changes.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 16905.

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Date of creation: Oct 2008
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:16905
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  1. Fabricio Coricelli & Roman Horváth, 2008. "Price Setting and Market Structure: An Empirical Analysis of Micro Data," Working Papers IES 2008/23, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Sep 2008.
  2. Álvarez, Luis J. & Burriel, Pablo & Hernando, Ignacio, 2005. "Price setting behaviour in Spain: evidence from micro PPI data," Working Paper Series 0522, European Central Bank.
  3. Dias, Daniel & Robalo Marques, Carlos & Santos Silva, João M. C., 2005. "Time or state dependent price setting rules? Evidence from Portuguese micro data," Working Paper Series 0511, European Central Bank.
  4. Álvarez, L. & Dias, D. & Dhyne, E. & Hoffmann, J. & Jonker, N. & Le Bihan, H. & Lünnemann, P. & Rumler, F. & Veronese, G. & Vilmunen, J., 2005. "Price Setting in the Euro Area: Some Stylized Facts from Individual Consumer Price Data," Working papers 136, Banque de France.
  5. Álvarez, Luis J. & Dhyne, Emmanuel & Hoeberichts, Marco M. & Kwapil, Claudia & Le Bihan, Hervé & Lünnemann, Patrick & Martins, Fernando & Sabbatini, Roberto & Stahl, Harald & Vermeulen, Philip & Vilmu, 2005. "Sticky prices in the euro area: a summary of new micro evidence," Working Paper Series 0563, European Central Bank.
  6. Peter J. Klenow & Oleksiy Kryvtsov, 2005. "State-Dependent or Time-Dependent Pricing: Does it Matter for Recent U.S. Inflation?," NBER Working Papers 11043, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Álvarez, Luis J. & Hernando, Ignacio, 2005. "The price setting behaviour of Spanish firms: evidence from survey data," Working Paper Series 0538, European Central Bank.
  8. Filippo Altissimo & Michael Ehrmann & Frank Smets, 2006. "Inflation persistence and price-setting behaviour in the euro area – a summary of the IPN evidence," Occasional Paper Series 46, European Central Bank.
  9. Alvarez, Luis J. & Hernando, Ignacio, 2006. "Price setting behaviour in Spain: Evidence from consumer price micro-data," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 699-716, July.
  10. Laurent Baudry & Hervé Le Bihan & Patrick Sevestre & Sylvie Tarrieu, 2007. "What do Thirteen Million Price Records have to Say about Consumer Price Rigidity?," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 69(2), pages 139-183, 04.
  11. Solange Gouvea, 2007. "Price Rigidity in Brazil: Evidence from CPI Micro Data," Working Papers Series 143, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
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