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Price changes in Finland: some evidence from micro CPI data

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  • Kurri, Samu

Abstract

In this paper we analyse the Finnish consumer price changes from February 1997 to December 2004 on the basis of a set of microdata which covers over half of the items included in the Finnish CPI. Our findings can be summarised with four stylised facts. Firstly, only a small fraction of prices change monthly. In the period under review, an average 80% of prices remained unchanged in consecutive months. Secondly, price changes can be large in both directions. Thirdly, positive inflation is due to the higher number of price increases compared to decreases, and the magnitude of price changes is more or less in balance. Finally, the decomposition of monthly inflation to the weighted fraction of products with price changes and the weighted average of those price changes seems to give support for the time-dependent modelling of Finnish consumer prices, although signs of state-dependent pricing can also be found in the data. JEL Classification: E31, D40, L11

Suggested Citation

  • Kurri, Samu, 2007. "Price changes in Finland: some evidence from micro CPI data," Working Paper Series 728, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:2007728
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    Cited by:

    1. Bunn, Philip & Ellis, Colin, 2011. "How do individual UK consumer prices behave?," Bank of England working papers 438, Bank of England.
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    3. Samu Kurri, 2009. "Price Changes in Finland: Some Evidence from the Micro CPI data," Finnish Economic Papers, Finnish Economic Association, vol. 22(2), pages 47-62, Autumn.
    4. Konstantins Benkovskis & Ludmila Fadejeva & Krista Kalnberzina, 2010. "Price Setting Behaviour in Latvia: Descriptive Evidence from CPI Microdata," Discussion Papers 2010/01, Latvijas Banka.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    consumer prices; rigidity; state-dependent pricing; time-dependent pricing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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