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The Effect of VAT Rate on Price Setting Behaviour in Latvia: Evidence from CPI Micro Data


  • Konstantins Benkovskis

    (Bank of Latvia)

  • Ludmila Fadejeva

    (Bank of Latvia)


This paper evaluates the inflation effect of recent VAT rate changes in Latvia by using CPI micro data. Our findings suggest that the pass-through of the tax rate to consumer prices is strong in case of upward tax adjustments, especially when there are no demand restrictions, while the pass-through is weaker for tax reductions. The frequency of price changes peaks at the moment of VAT adjustment, which, however, is partially compensated by lower average size of price revisions. The level of pass-through exhibits a high degree of heterogeneity with higher pass-through for goods, especially food, and lower for services.

Suggested Citation

  • Konstantins Benkovskis & Ludmila Fadejeva, 2013. "The Effect of VAT Rate on Price Setting Behaviour in Latvia: Evidence from CPI Micro Data," Working Papers 2013/01, Latvijas Banka.
  • Handle: RePEc:ltv:wpaper:201301

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Benkovskis, Konstantins & Fadejeva, Ludmila & Kalnberzina, Krista, 2012. "Price setting behaviour in Latvia: Econometric evidence from CPI micro data," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 2115-2124.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ludmila Fadejeva & Olegs Krasnopjorovs, 2015. "Labour market adjustment during 2008-2013 in Latvia: firm level evidence," Working Papers 2015/02, Latvijas Banka.
    2. Andrejs Bessonovs & Olegs Tkacevs, 2016. "Relationship Between Inflation and Economic Activity and Its Variation Over Time in Latvia," Working Papers 2016/03, Latvijas Banka.

    More about this item


    VAT; inflation; sample selection model; CPI micro data; Latvia;

    JEL classification:

    • C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models; Threshold Regression Models
    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General

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