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Price Setting Behaviour in Latvia: Econometric Evidence from CPI Microdata

Author

Listed:
  • Konstantins Benkovskis

    (Bank of Latvia)

  • Ludmila Fadejeva

    (Bank of Latvia)

  • Krista Kalnberzina

    (Bank of Latvia)

Abstract

This paper discovers the driving forces behind firms' decisions to adjust prices by using various panel logit models, which explain the probability of observing price change by a broad set of exogenous variables. The results of the models show that the consumer price formation in Latvia is a combination of both state-dependent and time-dependent behaviour. On the one hand, frequency of price changes depends on inflation, demand conditions, and the size of last price changes. On the other hand, we observe some elements of time-dependent price setting, e.g. price truncation and strong seasonal pattern. We also find several important differences in the price setting behaviour for cases of price increases and decreases. The fact that frequency of price changes in Latvia depends on inflation as well as demand and supply conditions could be seen as a prerequisite for faster price adjustment process in the event of distortions in the economy. In the case of economic imbalances, statedependent price formation changes flexibility of prices and ensures a faster adjustment process towards equilibrium.

Suggested Citation

  • Konstantins Benkovskis & Ludmila Fadejeva & Krista Kalnberzina, 2011. "Price Setting Behaviour in Latvia: Econometric Evidence from CPI Microdata," Working Papers 2011/01, Latvijas Banka.
  • Handle: RePEc:ltv:wpaper:201101
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Konstantins Benkovskis & Ludmila Fadejeva, 2014. "The effect of VAT rate on inflation in Latvia: evidence from CPI microdata," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(21), pages 2520-2533, July.
    2. Ludmila Fadejeva & Olegs Krasnopjorovs, 2015. "Labour market adjustment during 2008-2013 in Latvia: firm level evidence," Working Papers 2015/02, Latvijas Banka.
    3. Ibrahim Mohammed & Basak Denizci Guillet & Rob Law & Wassiuw Abdul Rahaman, 2021. "Predicting the direction of dynamic price adjustment in the Hong Kong hotel industry," Tourism Economics, , vol. 27(2), pages 346-364, March.
    4. Konstantins Benkovskis, 2018. "Misallocation, productivity and fragmentation of production: the case of Latvia," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 187-206, June.
    5. Yılmaz, Engin & Süslü, Bora, 2018. "The Determinants of Price Frequency in Turkey," MPRA Paper 86350, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Chronis, George A., 2016. "Modelling the extreme variability of the US Consumer Price Index inflation with a stable non-symmetric distribution," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 271-277.
    7. Ludmila Fadejeva & Ieva Opmane, 2016. "Internal labour market mobility in 2005–2014 in Latvia: the micro data approach," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 16(2), pages 152-174.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    price setting behaviour; Latvia's consumer prices; frequency of price change; sales; time-dependent pricing; state-dependent pricing; panel logit model;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation

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