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Social Security and Labour Supply: the Italian 1992 Reform as a Natural Experiment

Author

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  • Ranzani, Marco

Abstract

This paper provides new evidence about the effects of economic incentives embedded in the Italian Social Security system on retirement decisions. The 1992 reform is an interesting example since it was implemented when: (a) the system was very generous to retirees; (b) the demographic context was dramatic;(c) an early retirement provision, and no actuarial fairness, distorted retirement choices. I use the reform as a natural experiment and exploit its differential effect on individuals belonging to different groups, namely blue- and white-collar workers. I find evidence that Social Security wealth has a larger impact on retirement choices compared to estimates in previous studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Ranzani, Marco, 2006. "Social Security and Labour Supply: the Italian 1992 Reform as a Natural Experiment," MPRA Paper 16569, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Dec 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:16569
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/16569/1/MPRA_paper_16569.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Stephen G. Donald & Kevin Lang, 2007. "Inference with Difference-in-Differences and Other Panel Data," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 89(2), pages 221-233, May.
    5. Courtney Coile & Jonathan Gruber, 2000. "Social Security and Retirement," NBER Working Papers 7830, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Knut Røed & Fredrik Haugen, 2003. "Early Retirement and Economic Incentives: Evidence from a Quasi-natural Experiment," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 17(2), pages 203-228, June.
    7. Jonathan Gruber & David A. Wise, 2004. "Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Micro-Estimation," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number grub04-1, January.
    8. Orazio P. Attanasio & Agar Brugiavini, 2003. "Social Security and Households' Saving," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 118(3), pages 1075-1119.
    9. Daniele Franco, 2002. "Italy: A Never-Ending Pension Reform," NBER Chapters,in: Social Security Pension Reform in Europe, pages 211-262 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    12. Baker, Michael & Benjamin, Dwayne, 1999. "Early Retirement Provisions and the Labor Force Behavior of Older Men: Evidence from Canada," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(4), pages 724-756, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marjan, MAES, 2008. "Financial and redistributive impact of reforming the old-age pension system in Belgium," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques) 2008040, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.
    2. Marjan, MAES, 2008. "Does the dismantlement of early retirement schemes increase unemployment in Belgium ?," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques) 2008041, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social Security Wealth; Retirement; Natural Experiment.;

    JEL classification:

    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • C90 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - General
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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