Determinants of Heritage Authorities’ Performance: An exploratory study with DEA bootstrapping approach
Government regulation plays a significant role in the field of heritage conservation. Namely, regulation is aimed at controlling the stock of heritage, restricting or modifying the activities of public as well as private actors. Surprisingly, the literature has neither extensively investigated the performance of the heritage authorities involved in the implementation of conservation policies nor its determinants. In this paper we address this issue, from a theoretical as well as an empirical perspective, using Sicily as a case study. More precisely, we analyze the determinants of the differences in the efficiency levels of conservation activity of the nine Sicilian heritage authorities over the period 1993-2005. Economic and managerial variables are used to distinguish non-discretionary from discretionary causes. The results show that the efficiency scores seem to be only affected by economic factors whereas the managerial variables do not affect the performance of heritage authorities.
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