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An Empirical Analysis about Motivations among Hospital Volunteers


  • Marisa R. Ferreira

    () (ESTGF-IPP; CIICSESI, Faculdade de Economia do Porto, Universidade do Porto)

  • Teresa Proença

    () (CEGE - UCP, Faculdade de Economia do Porto, Universidade do Porto)

  • João F. Proença

    () (Faculdade de Economia do Porto, Universidade do Porto)


The purpose of this paper is to identify the different types of volunteers’ motivations that work in hospitals. We present the literature review about different types of motivations and we collect data from hospital volunteers through a questionnaire. Four different motivations categories are identified: development and learning, altruism, career recognition and belonging and protection. The main motivations expressed are, first, development and learning, followed by altruism. Belonging and protection, followed by career recognition are the least mentioned motivations. Career recognition is negatively correlated with age and belonging/ protection is negatively correlated with education. That is, younger volunteers present more career recognition motives and less educated volunteers show more protection and belonging purpose. This paper brings together hospital volunteers and motivations. The paper is useful to policy makers aiming to develop targeted approaches to attract and retain volunteers.

Suggested Citation

  • Marisa R. Ferreira & Teresa Proença & João F. Proença, 2011. "An Empirical Analysis about Motivations among Hospital Volunteers," FEP Working Papers 418, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  • Handle: RePEc:por:fepwps:418

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Prouteau, Lionel & Wolff, François-Charles, 2008. "On the relational motive for volunteer work," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 314-335, June.
    2. Carlo Borzaga, 2013. "Social enterprise," Chapters,in: Handbook on the Economics of Reciprocity and Social Enterprise, chapter 32, pages 318-326 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Meyer, John P. & Gagnè, Maryléne, 2008. "Employee Engagement From a Self-Determination Theory Perspective," Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Cambridge University Press, vol. 1(01), pages 60-62, March.
    4. Brett Bruyere & Silas Rappe, 2007. "Identifying the motivations of environmental volunteers," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(4), pages 503-516.
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    More about this item


    Motivations; Volunteers; Hospitals;

    JEL classification:

    • M19 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Other
    • M39 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Marketing and Advertising - - - Other


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