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Explaining the Transition Probabilities in the Peruvian Labor Market

  • José Rodriguez

    (Departamento de Economía- Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

  • Gabriel Rodriguez

    (Departamento de Economía- Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

El estudio tiene 2 objetivos. Primero establecer las principales características de la movilidad laboral; segundo analizar los determinantes de las principales transiciones entre los distintos estados de la ocupación. Para lograr el primer objetivo se utiliza matrices de transición que permiten analizar la dinámica de los mercados laborales y establecer los hechos estilizados de la movilidad laboral. Con relación al segundo objetivo, se ha modelado la pérdida de la ocupación utilizando regresiones logit de manera de poder identificar la importancia tanto de factores de demanda como de oferta. Para esto se utilizan muestras panel de las encuestas de hogares del período 2007-2010. Los resultados indican que existe un importante grado de movilidad entre los distintos estados, pero a nivel agregado estos movimientos tienden a cancelarse, con lo cual la distribución de la población a lo largo del tiempo en esos estados permanece constante. Con relación a la pérdida de ocupación, se ha logrado capturar el importante rol que cumplen las condiciones de demanda.

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Paper provided by Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in its series Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers with number 2012-334.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: published
Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00334
Contact details of provider: Postal: Av. Universitaria 1801, San Miguel, Lima, Perú
Phone: (511) 626-2000 ext. 4950, 4951
Fax: (511) 626-2874
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  1. Bosch, Mariano & Maloney, William F., 2010. "Comparative analysis of labor market dynamics using Markov processes: An application to informality," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 621-631, August.
  2. Macarena García & Alberto Naudon, 2012. "Dinámica Laboral en Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 659, Central Bank of Chile.
  3. Carola Pessino & Luis Andrés, 2000. "La Dinámica Laboral en el Gran Buenos Aires y sus implicaciones para la Política Laboral y Social," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 173, Universidad del CEMA.
  4. Bloemen, H.G. & Stancanelli, E.G.F., 1997. "Individual Wealth, Reservation Wages and Transitions into Employment," Discussion Paper 1997-02, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  5. Javier Herrera & Gerardo David Rosas Shady, 2005. "Labor Market Transitions in Peru," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 109, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
  6. D. Contreras & L. de Mello & E. Puentes, 2011. "The determinants of labour force participation and employment in Chile," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(21), pages 2765-2776.
  7. Cecilia Garavito Masalías, 2010. "Vulnerabilidad en el empleo, género y etnicidad en el Perú," Revista Economía, Fondo Editorial de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, vol. 33(66), pages 89-127.
  8. Yann Algan & Arnaud Cheron & Jean-Olivier Hairault & Francois Langot, 2003. "Wealth Effect on Labor Market Transitions," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 6(1), pages 156-178, January.
  9. Bosch, Mariano & Maloney, William, 2005. "Labor market dynamics in developing countries: comparative analysis using continuous time Markov processes," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3583, The World Bank.
  10. J. Scott Long & Jeremy Freese, 2006. "Regression Models for Categorical Dependent Variables using Stata, 2nd Edition," Stata Press books, StataCorp LP, edition 2, number long2, November.
  11. Rosa Morales & José Rodríguez & Minoru Higa & Rodrigo Montes, 2010. "Transiciones laborales, reformas estructurales y vulnerabilidad laboral en el Perú: 1998-2008," Capítulos de Libros PUCP / Chapters of PUCP books, in: José Rodríguez & Albert Berry (ed.), Desafíos laborales en América Latina después de dos décadas de reformas estructurales. Bolivia, Paraguay y Perú 1997-2008, edition 1, chapter 2, pages 47-115 Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
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