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Has Dietary Transition Slowed Down in India: An analysis based on 50th, 61st and 66th Rounds of NSS

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  • Raghav Gaiha
  • Nidhi Kaicker
  • Katsushi Imai
  • Vani S. Kulkarni
  • Ganesh Thapa

Abstract

Our study examines changes in diets over the period 1993-2009. Diets have shifted away from cereals towards higher consumption of fruits, vegetables, oils and livestock products. Using household data, a food diversity index (FDI) is constructed, based on five food commodities. Significant price effects that vary over time are confirmed, as also income/expenditure effects. Over and above these effects, more sedentary life styles and less strenuous activity patterns played a significant role in shaping dietary patterns. An important finding is slowing down of dietary transition among the poor - especially in rural areas - in the more recent sub-period 2004-09. Clues relate to weakening of agreed food price, expenditure and life-style effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Raghav Gaiha & Nidhi Kaicker & Katsushi Imai & Vani S. Kulkarni & Ganesh Thapa, 2012. "Has Dietary Transition Slowed Down in India: An analysis based on 50th, 61st and 66th Rounds of NSS," ASARC Working Papers 2012-07, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:pas:asarcc:2012-07
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    File URL: https://crawford.anu.edu.au/acde/asarc/pdf/papers/2012/WP2012_07.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. David E. Bloom & David Canning & Günther Fink, 2014. "Disease and Development Revisited," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 122(6), pages 1355-1366.
    2. Raghbendra Jha & Raghav Gaiha & Anurag Sharma, 2009. "Modelling variety in consumption expenditure on food in India," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(4), pages 503-519.
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    Cited by:

    1. Raghav Gaiha & Nidhi Kaicker & Katsushi S. Imai & Ganesh Thapa, 2012. "Agriculture-Nutrition Pathway in India," Discussion Paper Series DP2012-16, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
    2. repec:spr:agrhuv:v:34:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10460-017-9781-0 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Diets; Demand; Prices; Income; Environment; India;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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