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Has Dietary Transition Slowed Down in India: An Analysis Based on 50th, 61st and 66th Rounds of NSS

  • Raghav Gaiha

    (Formerly, Faculty of Management Studies, University of Delhi, India)

  • Nidhi Kaicker

    (School of Business, Public Policy and Social Entrepreneurship, Ambedkar University, Delhi, India)

  • Katsushi S. Imai

    (Economics, School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester (UK) and RIEB, Kobe University (Japan))

  • Vani S. Kulkarni

    (Departmen of Sociology, Yale University, USA)

  • Ganesh Thapa

    (International Fund for Agricultural Development, Rome, Italy)

Our study examines changes in diets over the period 1993-2009. Diets have shifted away from cereals towards higher consumption of fruits, vegetables, oils and livestock products. Using household data, a food diversity index (FDI) is constructed, based on five food commodities. Significant price effects that vary over time are confirmed, as also income/expenditure effects. Over and above these effects, more sedentary life styles and less strenuous activity patterns played a significant role in shaping dietary patterns. An important finding is slowing down of dietary transition among the poor-especially in rural areas-in the more recent sub-period 2004-09. Clues relate to weakening of food price, expenditure and life-style effects.

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File URL: http://www.rieb.kobe-u.ac.jp/academic/ra/dp/English/DP2012-15.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Paper provided by Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University in its series Discussion Paper Series with number DP2012-15.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kob:dpaper:dp2012-15
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  1. David E. Bloom & David Canning & Gunther Fink, 2009. "Disease and Development Revisited," PGDA Working Papers 4409, Program on the Global Demography of Aging.
  2. Raghbendra Jha & Raghav Gaiha & Anurag Sharma, 2009. "Modelling variety in consumption expenditure on food in India," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(4), pages 503-519.
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