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Social capital and knowledge in interorganizational networks: Their joint effect on innovation

Author

Listed:
  • Ana Pérez-Luño

    () (Department of Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

  • Carmen Cabello Medina

    () (Department of Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

  • Antonio Carmona Lavado

    () (Department of Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

  • Gloria Cuevas Rodríguez

    () (Department of Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

Abstract

This research analyzes the effects of interorganizational links on innovation using a comprehensive framework that integrates three research streams: social capital, knowledge based view and innovation. Using data from 143 R&D and/or marketing departments of innovative manufacturing and service companies, our results show that while knowledge complexity, per se, exerts a clear influence on the degree of innovations radicalness, the effect of knowledge tacitness appears only when it is combined with social capital. Similarly, the mere existence of strong cooperation agreements (relational social capital) does not guarantee more radical innovations. It is only when this social capital is combined with tacit knowledge that it really produces more innovative products. We also find that such radical products have an important impact on firm performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana Pérez-Luño & Carmen Cabello Medina & Antonio Carmona Lavado & Gloria Cuevas Rodríguez, 2009. "Social capital and knowledge in interorganizational networks: Their joint effect on innovation," Working Papers 09.04, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Business Administration.
  • Handle: RePEc:pab:wpbsad:09.04
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    File URL: http://www.upo.es/serv/bib/wpbsad/bsad0904.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Zahra, Shaker A., 1996. "Technology strategy and new venture performance: A study of corporate-sponsored and independent biotechnology ventures," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 289-321, July.
    2. Hubert Gatignon & Michael L. Tushman & Wendy Smith & Philip Anderson, 2002. "A Structural Approach to Assessing Innovation: Construct Development of Innovation Locus, Type, and Characteristics," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 48(9), pages 1103-1122, September.
    3. Koellinger, Ph.D., 2008. "The Relationship between Technology, Innovation, and Firm Performance: Empirical Evidence on E-Business in Europe," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2008-031-ORG, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    4. Bruce Kogut & Udo Zander, 1993. "Knowledge of the Firm and the Evolutionary Theory of the Multinational Corporation," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 24(4), pages 625-645, December.
    5. Subramanian, A. & Nilakanta, S., 1996. "Organizational innovativeness: Exploring the relationship between organizational determinants of innovation, types of innovations, and measures of organizational performance," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 24(6), pages 631-647, December.
    6. Koellinger, Philipp, 2008. "The relationship between technology, innovation, and firm performance--Empirical evidence from e-business in Europe," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 1317-1328, September.
    7. Daniel Z. Levin & Rob Cross, 2004. "The Strength of Weak Ties You Can Trust: The Mediating Role of Trust in Effective Knowledge Transfer," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 50(11), pages 1477-1490, November.
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    Keywords

    : Innovation; radicalness; social capital; knowledge complexity; knowledge tacitness; firm performance;

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