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Employment effects of welfare reforms - Evidence from a dynamic structural life-cycle model

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  • Victoria Prowse
  • Peter Haan
  • Arne Uhlendorff

Abstract

In this paper we develop a dynamic structural life-cycle model of labor supply behavior which fully accounts for the effects of income tax and transfers on labor supply incentives. Additionally, the model recognizes the demand side driven rationing risk that might prevent individuals from realizing their optimal labor supply state, resulting in involuntary unemployment. We use this framework to study the employment effects of transforming a traditonal welfare state, as is currently in place in Germany, towards a more Anglo-American system in which a large proportion of transfers are paid to the working poor.

Suggested Citation

  • Victoria Prowse & Peter Haan & Arne Uhlendorff, 2008. "Employment effects of welfare reforms - Evidence from a dynamic structural life-cycle model," Economics Series Working Papers 391, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:391
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    Cited by:

    1. Peter Haan & Victoria Prowse, 2010. "A structural approach to estimating the effect of taxation on the labour market dynamics of older workers," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 13(3), pages 99-125, October.
    2. Haan, Peter, 2010. "A Multi-state model of state dependence in labor supply: Intertemporal labor supply effects of a shift from joint to individual taxation," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 323-335, April.
    3. Akay, Alpaslan & Bargain, Olivier & Jara, H. Xavier, 2015. "Back To Bentham: Should We? LargeScale Comparison of Decision versus Experienced Utility for IncomeLeisure Preferences," Working Papers in Economics 611, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Life-Cycle Labor Supply; Involuntary Unemployment; In-Work Credits;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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