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The Incentive to Declare Taxes and Tax Revenue: The Lottery Receipt Experiment in China


  • Junmin Wan

    (Osaka University)


We examine the validity of a new system of taxation called lottery receipts in China theoretically and empirically. Tax collection is difficult as the government difficultly monitors the actual economic dealings. To bring out the private information on transaction known only to a seller and a buyer, the government has set up a lottery receipt system which has been tried out in many areas. If the net revenue from a lottery receipt is invested in pure public goods, the lottery receipt will been purchased even if the consumer has expected quasi-linear utility. By issuing a lottery receipt, the government may prevent tax evasion caused by conspiracies between consumers and firms and collect tax effectively. Estimation is performed based on panel data for different periods from a total of 37 districts in Beijing and Tianjin during 1998-2003. The lottery receipt experiment has significantly raised the business tax, the growths of business tax and total tax revenues.

Suggested Citation

  • Junmin Wan, 2006. "The Incentive to Declare Taxes and Tax Revenue: The Lottery Receipt Experiment in China," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 06-25, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP).
  • Handle: RePEc:osk:wpaper:0625

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    1. Horioka, Charles Yuji & Sekita, Shizuka, 2007. "Tax reform in Japan: The case of personal taxes," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 380-392, August.
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    10. Crane, Steven E & Nourzad, Farrokh, 1994. "An Empirical Analysis of Factors That Distinguish Those Who Evade on Their Tax Return from Those Who Choose Not to File a Return," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 49(Supplemen), pages 106-116.
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    Cited by:

    1. Carla Marchese, 2007. "A Chinese Recipe for Curbing the Evasion of Commodity Taxes?," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 5(3), pages 38-42, October.
    2. repec:ces:ifodic:v:5:y:2007:i:3:p:14567334 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    tax evasion; business tax; lottery receipt experiment; random trend (growth) model;

    JEL classification:

    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design

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