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Wealth Effects on Money Demand in EMU: Econometric Evidence

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  • Laurence Boone
  • Fanny Mikol
  • Paul van den Noord

Abstract

This paper investigates the determinants of money demand (M3) in the euro area. It specifically examines the potential impact of financial and housing wealth on money demand. It tests the hypothesis, whether wealth associated with increases in asset prices is used to finance liquidity holdings in a standard portfolio context. Regressing velocity on interest rates and a wealth variable (a composite of residential property and stocks) within an error-correction framework provides evidence of positive wealth effects from financial and housing assets on money demand in the long run, but no significant impact in the short run. Tests suggests that the long-run and dynamic money demand equations are stable and have not been disrupted by the adoption of the euro on 1 January 1999, while the impact of wealth on money demand may have increased ... Les effets de richesse sur la demande de monnaie dans l'union économique et monétaire : Une analyse économétrique Cet article étudie les facteurs qui déterminent la demande de monnaie (M3) dans la zone euro. Il examine de manière explicite quels sont les effets de richesse liés aux avoirs mobiliers et immobiliers sur la demande de monnaie. Il teste l'hypothèse selon laquelle, dans un contexte classique de choix de portefeuille, la richesse résultant d'une hausse des prix des actifs est employée pour financer la détention de liquidités. Un modèle à correction d'erreur est mis en oeuvre pour effectuer une régression économétrique de la vitesse de circulation de la monnaie sur les taux d'intérêt et sur une variable composite de richesse (qui agrège immeubles et actions), faisant apparaître des effets de richesse liés aux actifs mobiliers et immobiliers sur la demande de monnaie qui sont significatifs à long terme mais non à court terme. Différents tests suggèrent que les équations de demande de monnaie, tant dynamiques que de long terme, sont stables et n'ont pas été perturbées par l'adoption de ...

Suggested Citation

  • Laurence Boone & Fanny Mikol & Paul van den Noord, 2004. "Wealth Effects on Money Demand in EMU: Econometric Evidence," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 411, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:411-en
    DOI: 10.1787/437345756132
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1787/437345756132
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Friedman, Milton, 1988. "Money and the Stock Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(2), pages 221-245, April.
    2. G. Coenen & J.-L. Vega, 2001. "The demand for M3 in the euro area," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(6), pages 727-748.
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    4. Milton Friedman, 1971. "A Theoretical Framework for Monetary Analysis," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number frie71-1, March.
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    6. Carlo C. A. Winder & Martin M. G. Fase, 1998. "Wealth and the demand for money in the European union," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 507-524.
    7. Gabriel Fagan & JÊrÆme Henry, 1998. "Long run money demand in the EU: Evidence for area-wide aggregates," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 483-506.
    8. Stock, James H & Watson, Mark W, 1993. "A Simple Estimator of Cointegrating Vectors in Higher Order Integrated Systems," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 61(4), pages 783-820, July.
    9. Bruggeman, Annick & Donati, Paola & Warne, Anders, 2003. "Is the demand for euro area M3 stable?," Working Paper Series 255, European Central Bank.
    10. Mike Artis & Andreas Beyer, 2004. "Issues in Money Demand: The Case of Europe," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(4), pages 717-736, November.
    11. Philip Lowe & Claudio Borio, 2002. "Asset prices, financial and monetary stability: exploring the nexus," BIS Working Papers 114, Bank for International Settlements.
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    Cited by:

    1. J. Liu & C.J.M. Kool, 2017. "Monetary dynamics in the euro area : a disaggregate panel approach," Working Papers 17-14, Utrecht School of Economics.
    2. Laurence Boone & Paul Noord, 2008. "Wealth effects on money demand in the euro area," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 525-536, June.
    3. Mehrotra, Aaron & Ponomarenko, Alexey, 2010. "Wealth effects and Russian money demand," BOFIT Discussion Papers 13/2010, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    demande de monnaie; inflation; inflation; money demand; richesse; wealth;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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